Application of Aswaja Character in Religious Programs Through the Approach of B.F. Skinner with Reinforcement Model at Islamic Elementary School Nurul Bayan Sumenep

Noor Alfi Fajriyani, Maemonah Maemonah

Abstract


Aswaja character education is important to instill in learners at a young age. Because with the cultivation of aswaja character education in students, it will form a character in accordance with the character of Islamic norms, and in harmony with the nation’s noble values. This research uses descriptive qualitative approach methods. The goal of this reseacrh was to see how the type of application of "Application of Aswaja Education to Religious Programs Through B.F. Skinner Approach With Reinforcement Model at Nurul Bayan Sumenep Islamic Elementary School".  The findings revealed that there are four forms of character values instilled in four programs for relegious activities at SDI Nurul Bayan Sumenep, namely the character values of tawassuth, tawazun, I'tidal, and tasamuh.  Some religious activities adopt from the NU amaliyah tradition, with the aim of instilling a sense of love in nu traditions from an early age. Reinforcement is given to learners who give rise to certain behaviors. This behavior arises starting with the provision of stimulation. If the behavior that arises is pleasant then the teacher will give rewards. If the behavior that arises is unpleasant the teacher will give educational punishment. So that the behavior decreases and disappears.

Keywords


Aswaja character, Religious Programs, Reinforcement, B.F. Skinner

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdussomad, Muhyiddin. Hujjah NU Akidah-Amaliyah-Tradisi. Surabaya: Khalista, 2008. Anggreani, Dewi, Eko Hadi Purnomo, dan Dylmoon Hidayat. “PENGUATAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER MELALUI LITERASI CINA KLASIK DI ZI GUI DENGAN PENDEKATAN TEORI BEHAVIORISTIK.” Waskita: Jurnal Pendidikan Nilai dan Pembangunan Karakter 5, no. 2 (2021): 147–58. An’im, Abu. Refrensi Penting Amaliyah NU & Problematika masyarakat. Jawa Barat: Mu’jizat Manivestasi Santri Jawa barat, 2010. Arifin, Zaenal, dan Humaedah Humaedah. “Application of Theory Operant Conditioning BF Skinner’s in PAI Learning.” Journal of Contemporary Islamic Education 1, no. 2 (2021): 101–10. Baedowi, Sunan. “PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER SISWA MELALUI PENDEKATAN BEHAVIORAL MODEL OPERANT CONDIT/ON/N6.” Tarbawi: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 11, no. 2 (2014). Dosen STAINU Tasikmalaya. Kontekstualisasi Nilai-Nilai Aswaja Dalam Berbagai Sendi Kehidupan. Tasikmalaya: CV. Pustaka Turats Press Anggota IKAPI, 2021. Emzir. METODOLOGI PENELITIAN PENDIDIKAN KUANTITATIF & KUALITATIF. Cet. ke-6. Edisi Revisi. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2012. Faizin, Muhammad. “Anda Warga NU? Ini Empat Ciri Utamanya.” nu.or.id. Diakses 24 Mei 2022. https://www.nu.or.id/daerah/anda-warga-nu-ini-empat-ciri-utamanya-sCjvp. Gordan, Marzieh, dan K. I. Amutan. “A review of BF Skinner’s ‘Reinforcement Theory of Motivation.’” International Journal of Research in Education Methodology 5, no. 3 (2014): 680–88. Hamid, Edy Suandi, dan Y. Sri Susilo. “Strategi pengembangan usaha mikro kecil dan menengah di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.” Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan 12, no. 1 (2011): 45–55. INDONESIA, PRESIDEN REPUBLIK. “Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional,” 2006. Indrawan, Rully, dan Rully Yaniawati. Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, Dan Campuran Untuk Manajemen, Pembangunan, Dan Pendidikan. Edisi Revisi. Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama, 2016. Isti’adah, Feida Noorlaila. Teori-Teori Belajar Dalam Pendidikan. Jawa Barat: EDu PUBLISHER, 2020. Iversen, Iver H. “Skinner’s early research: From reflexology to operant conditioning.” American Psychologist 47, no. 11 (1992): 1318. Moleong, Lexy J. METODOLOGI PENELITIAN KUALITATIF. Cet. ke-35. Edisi Revisi. Bandung: PT REMAJA ROSDAKARYA, 2016. Nahar, Novi Irwan. “Penerapan teori belajar behavioristik dalam proses pembelajaran.” NUSANTARA: jurnal ilmu pengetahuan sosial 1, no. 1 (2016). N.U. (Organization), ed. Risalah ahlussunnah wal-jama’ah: dari pembiasaan menuju pemahaman dan pembelaan akidah-amaliah NU. Cet. 1. Surabaya: Khalista : Aswaja NU Center, PWNU Jawa Timur, 2012. Prambudi, S., dan Nur Hoiriyah. “Penerapan Teori Operant Conditioning BF Skinner dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam (PAI) di Sekolah.” Studi Islam 3 (2019): 2252. Rozi, Fathor, Hasan Baharun, dan Nurul Badriyah. “Representasi Nilai-Nilai Karakter Sebagai Role Model dalam Film ‘Arbain’: Sebuah Analisis Semiotik.” TADRIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 16, no. 2 (2021): 436–52. Staddon, John ER, dan Daniel T. Cerutti. “Operant conditioning.” Annual review of psychology 54, no. 1 (2003): 115–44. Stommel, Manfred, dan Celia Wills. Clinical Research: Concepts and Principles for Advanced Practice Nurses. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004. Subaidi. Pendidikan Islam Risalah Ahlussunnah Wal Jama’ah An-Nahdliyah Kajian Tradisi Islam Nusantara. UNISNU PRESS, t.t. Suryo, Moch Hari, Ika Ratih Sulistiani, dan Devi Wahyu Ertanti. “Implementasi nilai-nilai Aswaja dalam mengembangkan akhlak siswa kelas VII MTS Wahid Hasyim 01 Dau Kabupaten Malang.” Vicratina: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 4, no. 5 (2019): 159–63. Suzana, Yenny, dan Jayanto Imam. Teori Belajar & Pembelajaran. Malang: Literasi Nusantara, 2021. Syukri, Icep Irham Fauzan, Soni Samsu Rizal, dan M. Djaswidi Al Hamdani. “Pengaruh Kegiatan Keagamaan Terhadap Kualitas Pendidikan.” Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam,[SL] 7, no. 1 (2019): 17–34. Thobroni, M. Belajar & pembelajaran Teori Dan Praktik. Cet. ke-1. Yogyakarta: AR-RUZZ MEDIA, 2015. WIBOWO, HARI. PENGANTAR TEORI-TEORI BELAJAR DAN MODEL-MODEL PEMBELAJARAN. Puri Cipta Media, 2020. Yaumi, Muhammad. Pendidikan Karakter: Landasan, Pilar & Implementasi. Prenada Media, 2016. Zubaedi. Desain Pendidikan Karakter. Prenada Media, 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21111/educan.v6i2.8039

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Managed by the Islamic Education Department

Siman Street, Km 6, Siman Subdistrict, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Creative Commons Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

< View My Stats