https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/issue/feed Educan : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 2024-02-28T02:54:30+07:00 Halida Umami halidaumami@unida.gontor.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><strong>EDUCAN: JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ISLAM</strong> (p-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1503198458" target="_blank"><strong>2597-9043 </strong></a>and e-ISSN: <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1517369168" target="_blank"><strong>2615-6997</strong></a>) is scientific journal of <strong>Islamic education</strong>. It is an international peer-reviewed and open access journal. The aim of Educan journal is to publish high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of the latest outstanding developments in the field of Islamic education. The scope of this journal is about Islamic Education, Moral Education, Education of Pesantren, Education Technology, Learning Methods, Curriculum Design and Development.</p><p>EDUCAN<strong> </strong>published by Islamic Education Department, Faculty of Tarbiyah, University of Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia. It is semiannual journal published in February and August for the developing the scientific ethos. We accept submission from all over the world. Our Editorial Team and Reviewers members are active international researchers in islamic education fields who ensure efficient, fair, and constructive peer-review process. All accepted articles will be published without payment of an article-processing charge, and will be freely available to all readers with worldwide visibility and coverage. The submitted manuscript would be check for plagiarism using by turnitin with maximum tolerance 20%.</p><p><strong>EDUCAN Journal Partnership</strong></p><p><img src="data:image/jpeg;base64,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" alt="" /></p><p><strong>EDUCAN has been indexed/registered</strong> in Google Scholar. 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" alt="" /></a><a title="Educan Garuda" href="https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/journal/view/12323" target="_blank"><img src="data:image/png;base64,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" alt="" /> </a><a title="Educan Sinta" href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/5724" target="_blank"><img src="data:image/png;base64,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" 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src="data:image/png;base64,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alt="" /> </a><a title="Dimensions" href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_source_title=jour.1338583&amp;search_mode=content&amp;viz-st:aggr=mean" target="_blank"><img 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" alt="" /></a></p> https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11233 Islamic Religious Education For Autism at SLB Autisma Dian Amanah Sleman Yogyakarta 2024-02-20T15:52:44+07:00 Difa'ul Husna difaul.husna@pai.uad.ac.id Fitri Nur Cholifah fitri1800031193@pai.uad.ac.id <p>Autism was first introduced by Leo Kramer, a psychiatrist from Harvard, in 1943. People with autism, among others, have symptoms of difficulty interacting, communicating strangely, not caring about the surrounding environment, having their own world, and having difficulty accepting change. Therefore, they need accommodations in the learning process. Researchers use descriptive and qualitative methods to describe the data obtained through the use of interview techniques, documentation, and observation. Data analysis goes through stages in the form of data reduction, presentation, and drawing conclusions. Checking the validity of the data is carried out using triangulation techniques. Based on research, PAI learning in children with autism at SLB Autisma Dian Amanah Yogyakarta is carried out by identifying and determining the specifications and qualifications for changes in student behavior, determining the learning approach system, establishing learning procedures, methods, and techniques, as well as criteria for learning success.</p> 2024-02-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Difa’ul Husna, Fitri Nur Cholifah https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11130 Tahsin Al-Qur'an Learning Method in Improving Al-Qur'an Reading Ability at Madrasah Aliyah Nurul Iman Betara Tanjab Barat Jambi 2024-02-22T11:14:36+07:00 Martina Wulandari tina martinawulandari10@gmail.com <p>This paper aims to explore and analyze the tahsin Al-Qur'an learning method used at Madrasah Aliyah Nurul Iman, Betara Tanjab Barat, Jambi, and its impact on improving students' ability to read the Al-Qur'an. This research was conducted using a qualitative approach using the case study method. Data was collected through observation, interviews and analysis of documents related to the curriculum and learning materials. The research results show that Madrasah Aliyah Nurul Iman has implemented various methods of learning Al-Qur'an tahsin which involve teaching the rules of recitation, pronunciation, and understanding the text of the Al-Qur'an. This method includes the use of experienced teachers, relevant learning materials, and various interactive learning techniques. The impact of applying this method is to increase students' ability to read the Al-Qur'an, which is reflected in their ability to pronounce the Al-Qur'an text well, understand the meaning of the text, and apply the rules of recitation correctly. This research concludes that the tahsin Al-Qur'an learning method at Madrasah Aliyah Nurul Iman has been successful in improving students' ability to read the Al-Qur'an. However, it needs to continue to be improved with a more contextual approach, including the integration of technology and innovative learning methods to answer the demands of the times. It is hoped that the results of this research can provide guidance for madrasas and other Islamic educational institutions in improving the quality of Al-Qur'an tahsin learning.</p> 2024-02-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Martina Wulandari https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11548 Systematic Review: Meta-Synthesis of Implementation of Act No. 18 of 2019 on Pesantren 2024-01-23T22:00:47+07:00 Idam Mustofa idammustofa@unida.gontor.ac.id Saiful Anwar saifulanwar@unida.gontor.ac.id Moh. Alwi Yusron alwiyusron@unida.gontor.ac.id Asrori Asrori asrori@um-surabaya.ac.id <p>The study explores the implementation of Act No. 18 of the Year 2019 on Pesantren which covers the complexity of Pesantren management, mainly related to adaptation to the demands of the modern era, integrating knowledge into the curriculum, and improved management. The objective of the research is to conduct a meta-synthesis of ten studies related to the implementation of the Act on Pesantren, highlighting aspects such as management, human resources, finance, curricula, facilities, and the role of Pesantren in society. The research method uses a qualitative approach in a systematic review with meta-aggregation techniques. Research results show that the Act on Pesantren has a positive impact, including official recognition of Pesantren’s graduates, protection against the uniqueness of interns, and empowering interns in raising the Human Development Index (HDI) in Indonesia. Nevertheless, there are challenges such as ideological debates and variations in the implementation of the Act on Pesantren in various areas, mainly related to concerns about the loss of Pesantren’s independence.</p> 2024-02-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Idam Mustofa; Saiful Anwar; Moh. Alwi Yusron, Asrori Asrori https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/10789 The Principle of Education According to The Perspective of Hasan bin Ali Al-Hajjajy And John Dewey 2024-02-18T23:02:20+07:00 Akbar Aisya Billah akbar.aisya.billah@iainponorogo.ac.id M. Miftahul Ulum ulum@iainponorogo.ac.id <p>Education is a basic need and right of every human being. With this education, humans get a decent and good life. The educational building stands strong and firm on a solid foundation of thought. This is where educational thinkers' urgency is in supporting these buildings' establishment. Not only related to the building's strength, style, and model is also very dependent on the style of thought of the characters. This research is a literature study or library research. Data were taken from related literature in books, journals, and various sources. The data is then processed and analyzed critically and in-depth using content analysis. The study results show that there are different perspectives on the principles of education according to Islam, represented by Hasan bin Ali Al-Hajjajy, and a Western perspective, represented by John Dewey. Each perspective gave birth to different styles and education models, so the products produced also differ.</p> 2024-02-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Akbar Aisya Billah, M. Miftahul Ulum https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11719 Effective Implementation of Teaching Skills and Religious Activities to Enhance the Quality of Learning In Islamic Religious Education at MTsN 2 Surabaya 2024-02-22T12:05:55+07:00 Agus Yulianto agusyulianto29@gmail.com Didit Darmawan diditdarmawan@gmail.com <p>The quality of Islamic Religious Education teaching is influenced by the understanding and application of Islamic teachings in everyday life. For this reason, this study aims to analyse the influence of teachers' basic teaching skills and students' religious practices on Islamic Religious Education learning outcomes at State Tsanawiyah Madrasah 2 Surabaya City. Islamic Religious Education plays an important role in shaping students' character and morals, so that the quality of Islamic Religious Education teaching is a crucial factor in achieving the goals of religious education. The factors studied include teachers' basic teaching skills and students' religious practices. This research used a quantitative approach with a sample of 100 class VII students. Data was collected through questionnaires and regression analysis was used to assess the influence of independent variables on Islamic Religious Education learning outcomes. Research findings show that teachers' basic teaching skills and students' religious practices partially and simultaneously have a positive effect on Islamic Religious Education learning outcomes. These results indicate that teachers' basic teaching skills which involve the ability to convey material clearly, mastery of teaching methods, and adaptability to students' needs have a positive impact on students' understanding of religious teachings. In addition, students' religious practices from religious activities, such as prayer, reading the Koran, and other religious practices, contribute positively to Islamic religious education learning outcomes</p> 2024-02-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Agus Yulianto, Didit Darmawan https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11436 Application of the Snowball Throwing Method to Enhance the Critical Thinking of 5th Grade Students in The Learning of Akidah Akhlak at MI PSM Gedoro 2024-01-23T22:02:20+07:00 Khusnul Khotimah kusnulkotimah791@gmail.com Muwahidah Nurhasanah muwahidah@stitmuhngawi.ac.id <p>The teaching method used in the classroom plays a crucial role in a child's learning process, especially in developing their critical thinking skills. However, in practice, there are still some educational institutions, particularly in madrasahs, that have not fully embraced a variety of teaching methods in the classroom instruction. Therefore, this research aims to explore the positive impact of implementing the snowball throwing method in enhancing the critical thinking skills of fifth-grade students at the Islamic Elementary School (MI) PSM Gedoro. The snowball throwing method is a collaborative learning approach that encourages group work and active discussion, with a focus on developing critical thinking skills. The method involves four stages: Planning, Socialization, Implementation, and Evaluation. The research results indicate that students who applied the snowball throwing method experienced a significant improvement in their critical thinking skills. This method also facilitates collaboration, problem-solving, and reflection, all of which play a crucial role in enhancing students' critical thinking skills.</p> 2024-02-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Khusnul Khotimah, Muwahidah Nurhasanah https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11429 Humanizing STEM-Based Learning (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) for the Transformation of Islamic Education in the 21st Century 2024-02-19T16:38:43+07:00 Saehu Abas syaikhuabbas1993@gmail.com Agus Dian Alirahman agusdian@gmail.com Hajjin Mabrur hajjinmabrur@gmail.com <p>The development and progress of time always requires changes and innovations, including in the field of education and Islamic Education learning approach. The purpose of this research is to discuss theoretical and practical findings about integrated learning, namely Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) learning innovation in Islamic Education. The method used in this research is a type of qualitative research with a literature review approach, examining and analyzing various sources of literature related to the research topic to be studied. The results showed that Islamic education learning that is integrated with STEM-based learning can use a learning approach: (1) Problem Based Learning; (2) Project Based Learning; (3) Inquiry-Based Learning; (4) Game Based Learning; (5) Digital Based Learning; (6) Collaborative Learning; (7) Hands on Learning.</p> 2024-02-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Saehu Abas, Agus Dian Alirahman, Hajjin Mabrur https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/10767 Merging Minds: A Critical Analysis of Hybridizing Islamic Education and Neuroscience 2024-02-28T02:54:30+07:00 Jailani Jailani mohammad2007052014@webmail.uad.ac.id <p>The dichotomy between neuroscience and Islamic Education has led to sluggish scientific progress and the emergence of unresolved issues. Islamic education, rooted in divine revelation, relies on reason as its foundation—a realm extensively studied in neuroscience. This research aims to investigate the potential of integrating neuroscience and Islamic Education, giving rise to the scientific field of Islamic Education Neuroscience. The study employs a qualitative literature-based approach, analyzing various theories and adopting a grounded theory methodology to shape the research objectives. The findings reveal that Islamic Education Neuroscience, encompassing the epistemology of Islam, including bayani, irfani, and burhani traditions, already exhibits scientific validity due to existing studies. However, further scientific development necessitates internalizing scientific theories, substantiating them within the epistemology of Islamic Education, and fostering integration with other Islamic education disciplines. This research holds significant implications for achieving the comprehensive goals of Islamic education, harmoniously bridging the gap between general science and Islam. The envisioned scientific development of Islamic education presents a framework for deeper understanding and practical application of knowledge, in alignment with Islamic principles, contributing to human progress.</p> 2024-02-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Jailani https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/10296 The Urgency of Learning the Values of Worship in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah 2024-02-19T16:02:40+07:00 Hepy Kusuma Astuti bundazhiya@gmail.com Saepul Anwar saepulanwar@unida.gontor.ac.id <p>The values of worship are very important to be instilled, especially in elementary school or Madrasah age children. Moreover, with the rapid development of the digital world today, Madrasas must be able to adapt to various problems that faced from the moral crisis due to excessive use of gadgets. This short article tries to explore the urgency of inculcation of religious values, especially in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah or elementary schools. The method used is descriptive qualitative with a conceptual approach. The results of the discussion reveal that the cultivation of worship values is very urgent to do to face the current digitalization 4.0. This is to strengthen children's religious character and keep adapting to the digital world. The inculcation of these values is carried out by example, participation, wisdom in stories, habituation and discipline. The values of worship that can be instilled in Madrasas are the value of piety, the value of discipline, the value of honesty, and the value of patience.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Hepy Kusuma Astuti, Saepul Anwar https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/educan/article/view/11717 The Influence of Mental Health, Study Habits and Achievement Motivation on Students’ Success at MTsN 4 Surabaya 2024-02-22T12:08:13+07:00 Eting Ida Fitriyah etingfitriyah18@gmail.com Didit Darmawan diditdarmawan@gmail.com <p>This study aims to investigate the effect of mental health and study habits on student achievement at State Tsanawiyah Madrasah 4 Surabaya City. The study population included all State Tsanawiyah Madrasah 4 Surabaya City students, totalling 704 students. The research sample was randomly drawn from students in Class VII, totalling 277 students. Data analysis was conducted using the statistical method of regression analysis to identify the extent of the influence of the three independent variables on the dependent variable. The results showed that students' mental health has a significant influence on learning achievement. Students with good mental health tend to be able to cope with pressure and stress, allowing them to focus and concentrate better during the learning process. Students' study habits were also shown to play an important role in shaping learning achievement. Regular and structured study habits help students to effectively manage time and study tasks, creating the basis for optimal achievement. In conclusion, mental health and study habits play a crucial role in shaping student achievement.</p> 2024-02-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Eting Ida Fitriyah, Didit Darmawan