Implementation of Syawir Method in Improving Critical Thinking Pattern of Santri in Islamic Boarding School Fathul ‘Ulum Kwagean, Kepung, East Java

Dewi Agus Triani, Mochamad Hermanto


In the 4.0 era the information flow spread so quickly and broadly, on the other side there were many hoaxes circulating in various media, for this reason a critical thinking was needed to filter the information. This study aims to describe the process of implementation of syawir methode, impact, obstacles and as well as to describe the solution of the obstacles in the implementation of syawir methode in forming critical thinking patterns. This research approach is a qualitative study with case study research. The object of this research is santri from Islamic boarding school Fatul ‘Ulum Kwagean Kepung in East Java. Data collection techniques with interviews, observation and documentation. Analysis of the data used in this research is descriptive analysis, with the stages of data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions.The results of this research show that: 1) there are two types of syawir, small syawir and large syawir, where the material discussed is subject matter in the Islamic boarding school. 2) there are three impacts namely cognitive impact (understanding and broadening insight) affective (fostering mental self-confidence, tolerance, and critical attitude, as well as respecting the opinions of others), psychomotor impacts (able to describe explanations in a flexible and clear manner and the answer can be justified). 3) There are two obstacles in the implementation of this method, internal factors (lack of self-confidence, different levels of understanding, and lack of concentration) and external factors (lack of time and reference books). 4) Some efforts to be a solution to the obstacles that are, increasing cooperation with the KBM team (Kajian Batsul Masail) to provide guidance and direction on the path of syawir, provide punnish as motivation, add books references, increase duration of time, and directly appoint students who are less active to issue their opinions.


Implementation, Syawir Method, Critical Thinking, Islamic Boarding School, Pattern

Full Text:



Ahmadi, Abu. 1986, Metodik Khusus Pendidikan Agama Islam. Bandung: CV. ARMICO.

Arief, Armai. 2002 Pengantar Ilmu dan Metodologi Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Ciputat Pers.

Hadinata, Benyamin. 2008. Berpikir Kritis: Sebuah Pengantar. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Margono, S. 2010. Metodologi Penelitian pendidikan. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Masyhud, Sulthon dan Khusnurdio. 2003. Manajemen Pondok Pesantren. Jakarta: Diva Pustaka.

Maunah, Binti. 2009. Metodologi Pengajaran Agama Islam. Yogyakarta: TERAS.

Mughits, Abdul. 2008. Kritik Nalar Fiqh Pesantren. Jakarta: Kencana.

Mujib, Abdul. 2006. Ilmu Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Kencana Penada Media.

Nasir, Ridwan. 2005. Mencari Tipologi Format Pendidikan Ideal Pondok Pesantren Ditengah Arus Perubahan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Nata, Abuddin. 2011. Perspektif Islam tentang Strategi Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Kencana.

Khuzaeva, Eva Siti. “Mengembangkan Pola Pikir Cerdas, Kreatif dan Mandiri Melalui Telematika”. Jurnal Lingkar Widyaiswara. Edisi I. No. 4. Oktober-December 2014.

Sanjaya, Wina. 2011. Strategi Pembelajaran Beriorientasi Standar Proses Pendidikan. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Sholeh, Mohammad. 2018 “Kajian Kitab Thurath Berbasis Musyawarah Dalam Membentuk Tipologi Berpikir Santri di Pondok Langitan Widang Tuban Jawa Timur”, Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Surabaya: Pasca Sarjana. Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel,

Tuanakotta, Theodorus M. 2011. Berpikir Kritis dalam Auditing. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Usman, Uzer. 2011. Menjadi Guru Profesional. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Wijayanto, Asrul. 2000. Terampil Diskusi. Jakarta: Grasindo.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 3 times
PDF - 8 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Managed by the Islamic Education Department

Siman Street, Km 6, Siman Subdistrict, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Creative Commons Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats