Tajdid dan Modernisasi Pemikiran Islam
Keywords:Tajdid, Ijtihad, Modernization, Masdariyah, Marji’iyah
AbstractAlong with development of era, there are many problems of Muslim peoples that did not exist in Prophet’s Era of Muhammad SAW. These problems require an exact and quick solution. One of the media that possible as solution is tajdid and ijtihad. Tajdid is retrieval effort of Islamic doctrine and precepts that have been forgotten or abandoned by Muslims and then reformed to be better. Tajdid is not create some new doctrines in Islam, but restore it to Prophet’s Era of Muhammad SAW and the Four of Caliphs with considering to the situation and condition. Meanwhile, ijtihad is outpouring all powers and abilities to formulating and applying Islamic laws in branch issues and problems that appears in Islamic laws. The problem that occurred is similarization between tajdid’s movement and modernization that affiliated to the western secular tradition. Whereas, the meaning between both of it too different so that brings the different implication if it applied in Islam. The modernization in Islam is a movement to integrated Islam and modern sciences (western). As a consequence, Islam has to adapt its doctrines and principles to what western wants. The effect of this movement will undermine the principles of Islam and induce Muslim people to concede the values of western modernity. Surprisingly, many Muslim scholars using this western’s modernization method into Islamic thought. On the basis of this situation, this paper try to reveals the fundamental differences between tajdid and modernization, and then criticizes the modernization that used by some Muslim scholars.
The author whose published manuscript approved the following provisions:
- The right of publication of all material published in the journal / published in the Tsaqafah is held by the editorial board with the knowledge of the author (moral rights remain the author of the script).
- The formal legal provisions for access to digital articles of this electronic journal are subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), which means that Tsaqafah reserves the right to save, transmit media or format, Database), maintain, and publish articles without requesting permission from the Author as long as it keeps the Author's name as the owner of Copyright.
- Printed and electronic published manuscripts are open access for educational, research and library purposes. In addition to these objectives, the editorial board shall not be liable for violations of copyright law.
- It is a serious offense for anyone to publish any article of Tsaqafah without permission.