Problem Teologis Ideologi Komunisme

Muhamad Yakub Mubarok


It is known that the communism had affected the history of this world. This ideology had succeeded influencing a third of the world in less than one century after Karl Marx’s death and it had caused some revolutionary movements at some countries of the world. It is interesting to say that even what Marx had predicted about the history of human being in the future was not surely proven, but his ideas have been affecting people. But, the communism has serious problems related to the theological matter for sure. It could make people becoming atheist. Moreover, it could create the people hate their religion, but they could become religion’s antagonists. Marx’s hatred toward religions was expressed by the words: “Religion is the opium of the masses”. Then Lenin, another figure of the communism, did a discrimination to religious people, as well as, Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong who prohibited all kinds of religious activities during their lifetime. Long time ago, thousands of Indonesian Moslems were becoming victims of a communist party in Indonesia (PKI). Nowadays, the communism doctrine begins to appear and affect some youths of Indonesia. Perhaps, it does because they have been frustrated and being disappointed by the socio-political condition which is controlled by modern capitalists. But, they have to be aware that the communism is not a solution. In fact, it is surely dangerous. It could ruin religions’ concepts. Hence, this article would try to explain some theological problems of the communism ideology.


Theological Problem; Communism; Capitalism; Religion; Atheist

Full Text:



Bagus, Loren. 2005. Kamus Filsafat. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Borchert, Donald M. (Ed.). 2006. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Michigan: Thomson Gale & Macmillan Reference.

Bottomore, Tom. (Ed.). 2001. A Dictionary of Marxist Thought. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd,

Coleman, James S. 2010. Dasar-Dasar Teori Sosial. Bandung: Nusa Media.

Dawson, Christopher. 1935. Religion and The Modern State. London: Sheed and Ward.

DZ., Abdul Mun’im. 2014. Benturan NU-PKI 1948-1965. Depok: Langgar Swadaya.

Fautanu, Idzam. 2013. Filsafat Politik. Jakarta, GP Press.

Giddens, Anthony., Jonathan Turner (Eds.). 2008. Social Theory Today. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Hornby, AS. 1995. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. London: Oxford University.

Iljas, Muhammad. 1966. Bagaimana Pandangan Marxisme kepada Agama dan Pandangan Agama kepada Marxisme. Jakarta: Endang Djakarta.

Ishiyama, John T., Marijke Breuning (Eds.). 2013. Ilmu Politik dalam Paradigma Abad Ke-21, Jilid 2. Jakarta: Kencana.

Kupper, Adam., Jessica Kuper (Eds.). 2004. The Social Science Encyclopedia, Vol. 1. New York: Routledge.

Lenin, V.I. 1077. Lenin Collected Works, Volume 26. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

_________. 1973. What is to be Done? Peking: Foreign Languages Press.

_________. 1973. The State and Revolution. Peking: Foreign Languages Press.

Magee, Bryan. 2008. The Story of Philosophy. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Majalah Tempo, Edisi Oktober 2012.

Marx, Karl. 1904. A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr and Company.

_________. 1959. Capital, Volume 3. New York: International Publishers.

_________. 1959. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

_________. 2003. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte. New York: Socialist Labor of America.

_________. T.Th. Capital, Volume 1. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

_________. T.Th. The Poverty of Philosophy. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House,

_________. T.Th. The Poverty of Philosophy. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.

_________., Frederick Engels. 1957. Marx-Engels on Religion. Moscow: Foreign Language Publishing House.

_________., Frederick Engels. 1977. Manifesto of the Communist Party. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

_________., Frederick Engels. 2004. Marx-Engels Collected Work, Volume 5, 6, 24. New York: International Publishers.

McLellan, David. (Ed.). 2000. Karl Marx Selected Writings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ollman, Bertell. 1971. Alienation, Marx’s Conception of Man in Capitalist Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Peterffy, G. 1952. The Philosophy of Communism. New York: Fordham University Press.

Re, Erik van. 2002. The Political Thought of Joseph Stalin. London: Routledge Curzon.

Schmandt, Hery J. 2009. Filsafat Politik (A History of Political Philosophy), Terj. Ahmad Baidlowi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Syam, Firdaus. 2010. Pemikiran Politik Barat. Yogyakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Varma, SP. 2010. Teori Politik Modern (Modern Political Theory). Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 564 times
PDF - 1062 times