Konsep Fikih Ikhtilaf Yusuf al-Qaradhawi

Mohammad Hanief Sirajulhuda

Abstract

This article describes the jurisprudence concept of Yusuf al-Qaradawi. The author tries to solve the problems related to the division of the ummah due to the misunderstanding of the various ikhtilâf of fqh that occurred among Moslem scholars. A full and correct understanding will not cause this people divided. On the contrary, Moslems will maintain tolerance and unity in diversity. Therefore, Yusuf al-Qaradawi offers his concept of jurisprudence which is described in detail by the authors in this article. Yusuf al-Qaradawi offers the implementation of the concept of Jurisprudence in ten ways. First, accepting the difference in furu’ as necessity, grace, and discretion. Second, working on the great problems that people face todays. Yusuf al-Qaradawi reveals, the great problems facing Muslims today include the backwardness of science, technology and civilization, socio-economic imbalances, dictatorship and arbitrariness of politics, westernization and ghazw al-fkr, hostility and occupation of Zionism, disunity and dispute in the Arab and Islamic world, as well as moral decadence. Third, examine the opinions of the Moslem scholars. Fourth, following the middle manhaj and leaving the attitude excessive in religion. Fifth, prioritizing muh}kamât, not mutasyâbihât. Sixth, not confrming and refusing ijtihâdiyyah matters. Seventh, defning the terms and meanings. Eighth, cooperating on an agreed issue. Ninth, having tolerance in disputed matters. And tenth, refraining from those who admit lâ ilâha illallâh.

Keywords

Fiqh Ikhtilaf; Yusuf al-Qaradhawi; Fuqahâ’; Khilâfyyah; Ijtihâdiyyah

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abu Sulayman, ‘Abd al-Hamid. 1994. Azmah al-‘Aql al-Muslim. Virginia: al-Ma‘had al-’Âlamiy li al-Fikr al-Islâmiy.

Abu Zahrah, Imam Muhammad. 1996. Aliran Politik dan Aqidah Islam. Jakarta: Logos Publishing House.

Ach, M. Kholidul Adib dkk. 2005. Indahnya Kawin Sesama Jenis: Demokratisasi dan Perlindungan Hak-Hak Kaum Homoseksual. Semarang: eLSA.

Al-’Alawi, Thaha Jabir. 1999. Islâh al-Fikr al-Islâmiy . Virgina: Al-Ma‘had al-‘Âlamiy li al-Fikr al-Islâmiy dan Riyadh: Al-Dâr al-’Âlamiyyah li al-Kitâb al-Islâmiy.

Al-‘Alwani, Thaha Jabir Fayyadh. 1985. Adâb al-Ikhtilâf fî al-Islâm. Jazair: Dâr al-Sihâb.

Al-Amidi, Saif al-Din. 1378 H. Al-Ihkâm fî Us ûl al-Ah kâm , Jilid Keempat, Riyadh: Muassasah al-Nûr, Cetakan Pertama.

Al-Asadi, Muhammad ‘Ali Hasyim. 2010. “Al-‘Âm wa Atsâruhu fî Ikhtilâf al-Fuqahâ’”, Jurnal Kufa Studies Center, Volume I. Kufa University.

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. 1993. Islam and Secularism. Malayasia: ISTAC.

Al-Baghdadi, al-Imam al-Khatib. 1417 H. Al-Faqîh al-Mutafaqqih, tahqiq: ‘Adil bin Yusuf al-‘Azazi. Saudi: Dâr Ibn al-Jauzî.

Al-Bayanuni, Muhammad Abu al-Fath. 1431 H. Fiqh al-I’tilâf wa al Ikhtilâf. Riyadh: Jâmi’ah al-Malik Sa’ûd.

Bukhari, Imam. 2003. Sah îh al-Bukhârî . Beirut: al-Maktabah al-’Asriyyah.

Al-Dahab, Asyraf Thaha Abu. 2002. Al-Mu‘jam al-Islâmiy, Mesir: Dâr al-Syurûq, Cetakan I.

Al-Dahlawi, Ahmad bin ‘Abdi al-Rahim Waliyyullah. 1404 H. Al-Insâf fî Bayân Asbâb al-Ikhtilâf, Tahkik: ‘Abd al-Fatah Abu Ghadah, Beirut: Dâr al-Nafâ’is, Cetakan II

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2008. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa.

Fukuyama, Francis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Avon Book.

Al-Ghadzali, Abu Hamid. T.Th. Al-Mustasfa fî ‘Ilm al-Usûl, Jilid II. Mesir: Maktabah al-Jund.

Ghazali, Abd. Moqsith. 2009. Argumen Pluralisme Agama: Membangun Toleransi Berbasis Al-Qur’an, Depok: KataKita, Cetakan II.

Hadiyyin, Ikhwan. 2016. Kiat Sukses Merajut Pendidikan Ukhuwah Islamiyah di Indonesia, Banten: Pondok Pesantren Daar el-Azhar, Cetakan I.

Husaini, Adian. 2005. Wajah Peradaban Barat dari Hegemoni Kristen ke Dominasi Sekular-Liberal. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press.

Ibnu Katsir. 1994. Tafsîr Ibn Katsîr, Tahkik: Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abdurrahman bin Ishaq Al-Shekh, Jilid 5, Kairo: Muassasah Dâr al-Hilâl, Cetakan I.

Ibnu Taimiyah. T.Th. Iqtidâ’ al-Sirâtal-Mustaqîm li Mukhâlafah Ashâbal Jahîm. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rasyd.

Isma’il, M. Syukri. 2015. Kritik terhadap Sekularisme (Pandangan Yusuf Qardhawi). Ponorogo: CIOS.

Al-Jauziyah, Ibnu Qayyim. T.Th. A‘lâm al-Muwaqqi‘în ‘an Rabb al-Âlamîn, Jilid II. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Cetakan I.

Al-Jurjani, ‘Ali bin Muhammad. 1991. Al-Ta‘rîfât. Beirut: Dâr al-Kitâb al-Lubnânî.

Kasim, Majdi. 2002. Fiqh al-Ikhtilâf; Qâdiyah al-Khilâf al-Wâqi’ baina Hamlah al-Syari’ah. Iskandariah: Dâr al-Imân li al-Tab‘ wa al Nasyr wa al-Tauzî‘.

Kassab, Akram. 2010. Al-Manhâj al-Dakwiyyu’ ‘inda al-Qaradâwi, Terjemah. Jakarta: Pustaka al-Kautsar.

Khallaf, ‘Abd al-Wahab. T.Th. Usûl al-Fiqh al-Islâmiy. Mesir: Maktabah al-Da‘wah al-Islâmiyyah.

Al-Khurasyi, Sulaiman bin Shalih. 2003. Al-Qaradâwî fî al-Mîzân, Terjemah. Bogor: Pustaka Imam Asy-Syaf’i.

Madjid, Nurcholish. 1987. Islam, Kemodernan dan Keindonesiaan. Bandung: Mizan.

Al-Manawi, Muhammad ‘Abd al-Ra’uf. 1990. Al-Taufîq ‘alâ Muhimmât al-Ta‘ârîf: Mu‘jam Lughawiy Mustalahiy, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr al Mu‘âsir, Cetakan I.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 41 times
PDF - 53 times