The Development of Interpersonal Intelligence in Islamic Boarding School Darul Huda Ponorogo

Nurul Azizah, Silmi Kaffah

Abstract


Interpersonal intelligence is dynamic and not static, influenced by environment and culture. Intelligence is not genetic. Every child has the potential to improve their intelligence. Each intelligence has the potential to develop according to the environmental conditions.  Based on this reason, living in a Pesantren environment consists of santri with heterogeneous backgrounds. The interactions are developed intensively between friends, seniors, teachers and kyai for twenty four hours, making boarding schools as an ideal place to develop interpersonal intelligence. In Pesantren they can learn to interact and understand the totality of diversity around it. This research is a qualitative research with a case study model. The object of this research is Pondok Pesantren Darul Huda Ponorogo. The purpose of this study to (1) to find out  the concept of developing interpersonal intelligence Environmental Conditioning,  Formation with understanding (insight) and Formation with role model, (2) to find out interpersonal intelligence development strategies which are; training to practice speech and listen effectively, giving a leadership role,  giving discussion meetings and deliberations, telling the good characters, providing group support Internalization of the value of the kutub Turats in daily life, and 3) to find out a theory on the interpersonal intelligence development by stimulating interactive activities which have an impact on changes in individual attitudes. With  interactive activity will create a good interpersonal communication and  changing social attitudes.

Keywords


Development, interpersonal intelligence, Islamic institution, santri, social attitudes.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, Yuniar M. “Penyesuaian Santri Putri terhadap Kehidupan Pesantren, Studi Kualitati pada Madrasah Takhasusiah Pondok Pesantren Modern Islam Surakarta”, Jurnal Psikologi Undip Vol.02 No. 02, (Februari. 2005)

Arikunto, Suharsimi Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik, (Jakarta : Rineka Cipta, 2002)

Armstrong, Thomas “Sekolah Para Juara menerapakan Muliple, terj Yudhi Murtanto ,(Bandung : Mizan. 2004)

Armstrong, Thomas 7 kinds of Smart, Menemukan dan Meningkatkan Kecerdasan anda berdasarkan Teori Multiple Intelelligence, (Jakarta :PT Gramedia Pustaka. 2005)

Asnawih, “Konsep Sosialisme Islam Menurut Sayid Quthb”, Jurnal Substantia Vol. 15.1 (April)

Chatib, Munif. Gurunya Manusia Menjadikan Semua Anak Istimewa dan Semua Anak Juara, (Bandung : PT Mizan. 2016)

Efendi, Awaludin Mufti Hubungan antara Konsep dri dan Pola Asuh Orang Tua dan Konformitas Santri, Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora, Vol 14, No 1, (Februari. 2013)

Faisal, Sanapiah Penelitian Kualitatif, Dasar-dasar dan Aplikasi (Malang: Yayasan Asah, Asih, Asuh.1989)

Feist, Jess dan J. Feist, Georgory Teori Kepribadian, Edisi-7. Terj. Smita Prahita Syahputri (Penerbit Salemba: Jakarta. 2010)

L, Zulkifli, Psikologi Perkembangan, (Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya. 2006)

Lwin, May and kho, Adam dkk, “How to Multiply Your Chilsd’s Inteleligence, cara mengembangkan berbagai komponen kecerdasan, terj. Cristine Sujana dkk, (Yogyakarta: PT Indeks. 2008)

Muslich, Masnur Pendidikan Karakter Menjawab Tantangan Krisis Multimensional, (Jakarta: Bumi Aksara. 2011)

Pritaningrum, Meidiana dan Hendriani, Wiwin Penyesuaian Diri Remaja yang Tinggal di Pondok Pesantren Modern Nurul Izzah Gresik, Jurnal Psikologi kepribadian dan sosial Vol. 02, No.03, Desember 2013.

Purwulan, Heni Kepedulian Sosisal dalam Pengembangan kecerdasan Interpersonal, Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Vol. 02 No.04, (Maret 2014)

Sarwono Sarlito, Eko A Meinarno dkk, Psikologi Sosial, (Jakarta: Salemba Humanika. 2009)

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Pendidikan, Pendekatan kuantitati, Kualitatif, dan R&D, (Bandung: Alfabeta. 2010)

Suyono, Hadi, Sosial Intelligence, Cerdas Meraih Sukses Bersama Orang lain dan Lingkungan, (Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzmedia. 2007)

T.Safaria, Interpersonal Intelligence, Metode Pengembangan Kecerdasan Interpersonal Anak, (Yogyakarta: Amara Books. 2005)

W, Suranto Komunikasi Interpersonal, (Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu. 2001)

Walgito, Bimo Psikologi Sosial (Suatu Pengantar), (Suatu Pengantar), Edisi IV (Yogyakarta: C.V Andi Offfset. 2013)

Zubaedi, Desain Pendidikan Karakter: Konsepsi dan Aplikasinya dalam lembaga Pendidikan (Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Group. 2011)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21111/at-tadib.v14i1.3394

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 31 times
PDF - 20 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Managed by Faculty of Tarbiyah

Siman Street, Km 6, Siman Subdistrict, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Creative Commons Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 View My Stats