Humanistic Approach In Education According To Paulo Freire

Fauzan Akmal Firdaus, Akrim Mariyat

Abstract


Education has an important and strategic role to ensure the development of cognitive intelligence, psychomotor and affective. Education aims to develop human potential and forms a good personality. However, current education loses humane aspects (dehumanization). This is due to the approach used for teaching based on the educator (teacher center) and not centered on learners (student center). The ultimate purpose of humanistic approach in education is the learning process that was started and is intended for the benefit of humanizing mankind. Humanizing humans, is to achieve self-actualization, self-understanding, and self-realization people to learn optimally. The concept of humanistic approach in education according to Freire is a process of liberation from the oppressive system and raised awareness of the critical processes centered on educators and learners as subjects in the process of teaching and learning. The implication of humanistic approach in education is how to educators to encourage students to think critically and act according to the values of humanity. Since then, the humanistic approach in education should be applied in the process of learning and teaching in order to produce a good learner and critical of reality.

Keywords


Dialogue method, Education, Humanistic Approach, Praxis method, Problem Posing method.

Full Text:

pdf

References


Adamson, H.D. Language Minority Students in American Schools: An Education in English. (New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 2010).

Adi Sasono, et.al. Solusi Islam Atas Problematika Umat (Ekonomi, Pendidikan dan Dakwah). (Jakarta: Gema Insani Press. 1998).

Al-Fandi, Haryono. Desain Pembelajaran yang Demokratis dan Humanis. (Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media. 2011).

Aliakbari, Mohammad and Elham Faraji. Basic Principles of Critical Pedagogy, 2011 2nd International Conference on Humanities, Historical and Social Sciences. (IACSIT Press, IPEDR Vol. 17. 2011).

Armitage, Andrew. “Conscientization, Dialogue and Collaborative Problem Based Learning” Journal of Problem Based Learning in Higher Education, Vol. 1, No. 1. (2013).

Babin, Edith H. and Kimberly Harriosn. Contemporary Composition Studies: A Guide to Theorists and Terms. (Wesport: Greenwood Press. 1999).

Bernstein, Douglas A. Essentials of Psychology. (USA: Wadsworth, 2011).

Breunig, Mary. “Turning Experiential Education and Critical Pedagogy Theory into Praxis’ Journal of Experiential Education. Vo. 28, No. 2. (2005).

Bunge, Mario Augusto. Philosophy of Psychology. (New York: Springer-Verlag. 1987).

Chandra, S.S. & Rajendra K. Sharma. Sociology of Education. (New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. 2004).

Cowhey, Mary. Black Ants and Buddhists: Thinking Critically and Teaching Differently in the Primary Grades. (Portland: Stenhouse Publisher. 2006).

Dewey, John. Democracy and Education. (New York: Dover Publication, Inc. 2004).

Dufour, Barry and Will Curtis. Studying Education: An Introduction to the Key Disciplines in Education Studies. (New York: McGraw-Hill. 2011).

DURAKOGLE, Abdullah. “Paulo Freire’s Perception of Dialogue Based Education” International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, Article. 12, (July. 2013).

Ellsworth, J’Anne T. and Alicia K. Monahan. A Humanistic Approach to Teaching or Learning through Development Discipline. (New York: Irvington Publishers, Inc. 1987).

Freire, Ana Maria Araujo & Paolo Vittoria. “Dialogue on Paulo Freire” RIED IJED: Interamerican Journal of Education for Democracy. Vol. 1, No. 1, (September. 2007).

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. (New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group Inc. 2005).

Gerhardt, Heinz-Peter. “Paulo Freire (1921-1997)” UNESCO: International Bureau of Education. Prospects: The Quarterly Review of Comparative Education, Vol. XXIII, No. 3/4. (2000).

Graham, Helen. Psikologi Humanistik Dalam Konteks Sosial, Budaya, dan Sejarah. Terjemahan oleh Achmad Chausairi dan Ilham Nur Alfian. (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. 2005).

Grollios, Georgios. Paulo Freire and the Curriculum. (New York: Routledge. 2016).

Haryu. “Aplikasi Psikolgi Humanistik Dalam Dunia Pendidikan di Indonesia (Konsep Arthur W. Combs Tentang Pengembangan Potensi Anak)”. Vol.1. No.1. (2006).

Herzog II, William R. Parables as Subversive Speech: Jesus as Pedagogue of the Oppressed. (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. 1994).

Idris, Muh. “Konsep Pendidikan Humanis Dalam Pengembangan Pendidikan Islam” MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman. Vol XXXVIII. No. 2. (Juli-Desember. 2014).

Iman, Muis Sad. Pendidikan Partisipatif: Menimbang Konsep Fitrah dan Progresivisme John Dewey. (Yogyakarta: Safiria Insania Press. 2004).

Ismail, Syarifah. “Tinjauan Filosofis Pengembangan Fitrah Manusia dalam Pendidikan Islam” At-Ta’dib: Jurnal Kependidikan Islam. Vol. 8 No 2. (Juni. 2013).

John Sinclair, et al. English Dictionary. (London: HarperCollins Publishers. 1995).

Jonathan Cworther, et al. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. (New York: Oxford University Press. 1995).

Keating, Sarah B. Curriculum Development and Evaluating in Nursing. (New York: Springer Publishing Company, LLC. 2011).

Kirylo, James D. A Critical Pedagogy of Resistance. (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. 2013).

Langgulung, Hasan. Asas-Asas Pendidikan Islam. (Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Husna. 1988).

Long, Carolyn M. Participation of the Poor in Development Initiatives: Taking Their Rightful Place. (UK: Earthscan. 2001).

Marimba, Ahmad D. Pengantar Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. (Bandung, Al-Ma`arif. 1980).

Mukhlas, Moh. Pendidikan & Mobilitas Vertikal (Suatu Upaya Mencari Titik Temu). (Ponorogo: STAIN Ponorogo Press. 2010).

Nata, Abuddin. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. (Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu. 1997).

Nel, Hanna. “The Evaluation of a Training Programme Based on Paulo Freire’s Views on Community Practice: A South African Example” Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, Vol. 5, No.2. (2014).

Pramudya, Wahyu. “Mengenal Filsafat Pendidikan Paulo Freire: Antara Banking Concept of Education, Problem Posing Method, dan Pendidikan Kristen di Indonesia” VERITAS: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan, Vol. 2, No. 2, (Oktober. 2001).

Priatna, Tedi. Cakrawala Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam. (Bandung, Mimbar Pustaka: Media Transformasi Pengetahuan. 2004).

Pruyn, Marc. “Paulo Freire and Critical Multicultural Social Studies: One Case from the Reacher Education Borderland” Taboo: The Journal of Culture and Education, Vo. 7, No. 1, Spring-Summer.

R Tim Pengembang Ilmu Pendidikan FIP-UPI. Ilmu dan Apliaksi Pendidikan. (Bandung: Imtima, 2007).

Ramayulis dan Samsul Nizar. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam: Telaah Sistem Pendidikan dan Pemikiran Para Tokohnya. (Jakarta: Kalam Mulia. 2009).

Ravi, S. Samuel. A Comprehensive Study of Education. (New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited. 2011).

Roberts, Peter. Education, Literacy, and Humanization: Exploring the Work of Paulo Freire. Westport: Bergin & Garvey.

Rossatto, Cesar Augusto. Engaging Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy of Possibility: From Blind to Transformative Optimism. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Sanaky, Hujair AH. Paradigma Pendidikan Islam: Membangun Madani Indonesia. (Yogyakarta: Safiria Insania Press. 2003).

Shor, Ira and Paulo Freire. A Pedagogy for Liberation: Dialogues on Transforming Education. (South Hadley: Begin & Garvey Publishers, Inc. 1987).

Siddiqui, Mujibul Hasan. Philosophical and Sociological Foundations of Education. (New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation. 2008).

Smidt, Sandra. Introduction Freire: a Guide for Students, Teachers, and Practitioners. (New York: Routledge. 2014).

Smith, William A. Conscientizacao: Tujuan Pendidikan Paulo Freire, Translated by Agung Prihantoro. (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. 2008).

Subkhan, Edi. Pendidikan Kritis: Kritis atas Praksis Neoliberalisasi dan Strandardisasi Pendidikan. (Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media. 2016).

Sukmadinata, Nana Syaodih. Landasan Psikologi Proses Pendidikan. (Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya. 2011).

Suryadi, Rudi Ahmad. Dimensi-Dimensi Manusia: Perspektif Pendidikan Islam. (Yogyakarta: Deepublish. 2015).

Suyanto dan Asep Jihad. Menjadi Guru Profesional: Strategi Meningkatkan Kualifikasi dan Kualitas Guru di Era Global. (Jakarta: Erlangga. 2013).

Suyudi, M. Rancang Bangun Pendidikan Islam: Dalam Perbincangan Normatif, Filosofis, dan Historis. (Yogyakarta: Belukar. 2014).

_________. Kajian Filosofis dan Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam. (Yogyakarta: Belukar. 2014)

Taufiq, Muhammad Izzuddin. Panduan Lengkap dan Ptaktis Psikologi Islam. Terjemahan oleh: Sari Narulita, dkk. (Jakarta: Gema Insani Press. 2006).

The Renaissance Program. Religious Education Philosophy Participant Handouts: Channing and Freire. (Boston: Unitarian Universalist Association. 2002).

Tight, Malcolm. Key Concept in Adult Education and Training 2nd Edition. (London: RoutledgeFalmer. 1996).

Torres, Carlos Alberto. Education and Neoliberal Globalization. (New York: Routledge. 2009).

Torres, Myriam N. & Maria Mercado. “Living the Praxis of Teacher Education through Teacher Research” A Journal for the Scholar-Practitioner Leader. Vol. 2, No. 2.

Trident Press International. The New International Wester’s Comprehensive Dictionary of the English Language. (Florida: Trident Promotional Corporation. 1996).

Vasquez, Manuel A. The Brazilian Popular Church and the Crisis of Modernity. (Cambridge: The Press Syndicate of The University of Cambridge. 1998).

Wachob, Phyllis. Power in the EFL Classroom: Critical Pedagogy in the Middle East. (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2009).

Weisser, Christian R. Moving Beyond Academic Discourse: Composition Studies and the Public Sphere. (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. 2002).

Willigen, John Van. Applied Anthropology: An Introduction. (Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. 2002).

World Book, Inc. The World Book Dictionary. (Chicago: World Book. 2007).

Yeasmin, Sabina and Khan Ferdousour Rahman. “Paulo Freire and ‘Critical Literacy’: Relevance for Bangladesh” Bangladesh Educational Journal.

Yunus, Firdaus M. Pendidikan Berbasis Realitas Sosial – Paulo Freire & YB. Mangunwijaya. (Yogyakarta: Logung Pustaka. 2005).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21111/at-tadib.v12i2.1264

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1501 times
pdf - 652 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.