The Contribution of Sir Maulana Abdur Rahim to Islamic Thought (On Women's and Workers Rights)

Akram Uddin, Rownok Jahan, Md Maruf Hasan

Abstract

Maulana Abdur Rahim was one of the leading Muslim scholars in the Indian subcontinent during mid-20th century. He is well known for his Intellectual thoughts through various writings, especially the Islamization of human knowledge. Most of his works are to refute Western ideologies on the basis of Islamic literature. This study aims to explore two significant ideas from his writings. Firstly, the article explores how Maulana Abdur Rahim compared and analyzed women's rights according to Islamic and secular worldviews. Especially, secular scholars often criticized by stating that Muslim women had no right to participate in social activities.  Abdur Rahim refuted this type of argument and wrote that Islam allows Muslim women to participate in social activities.  Women just need to follow some principles of Islam and Islam is comprehensive religion to protect the rights of women in the best manner. Secondly, this paper will examine how he portrayed the rights of workers in Islam in comparison with capitalist and Marxist ideologies. Especially he said that the rights of workers in socialist and capitalist societies had been violated. Moreover, the only owner of the whole world is Allah, and we are all his slaves (Bandha). That is why the prevailing social inequality between workers and employers has no place in Islam. The qualitative method is used to do content analysis from his writings to comprehend how he compared and came up with solutions for Muslim society which is affected by secular ideologies. This study has found that Maulana Abdur Rahim’s analysis in support of Islam can provide better and long-term effective solutions in comparison with the solutions that secular ideologies addressed for the rights for women and workers.

Keywords

Islam, Maulana Abdur Rahim, Secularism, Women rights, Workers’ rights.

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

References

“Moulana Muhammad Abdur Rahim (Rh) « Moulana Abdur Rahim Research Foundation,” November 13, 2013, https://web.archive.org/web/20131113102432/http://marrf.com/moulana-muhammad-abdur-rahim-rh accessed on 19, June, 2022.

“Surah Al-Baqarah - 1-286,” accessed September 29, 2021, https://quran.com/al-baqarah?locale=en&font=v1&reading=false&translations=131%2C20.

“Surah Al-Mumtahanah - 12,” accessed September 29, 2021, https://quran.com/al-mumtahanah?locale=en&font=v1&reading=false&translations=131%2C20

ʿAbdulḤamīd AbūSulaymān and International Institute of Islamic Thought, eds., Islamization of Knowledge: General Principles and Work Plan, 2. ed., rev.expanded, Islamization of Knowledge Series, 1 [i.e.] 2 (Herndon, Va., USA: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1989).

Abdur Rahim, “"Allah’r-Hok-Bandar-Hok ( Rights of Allah- Rights of Servant),” Aazeen Of Islam (blog), September 9, 2020, https://aazeenofislam.com/Allaher hoq o Bandahar Hoq-pdf-download2020/.

­­___________, “"Nari o Adhunik Cintadhara (Women and Modern Thinking),” Islamic Book E Library (blog), April 15, 2016, https://islamicbookhouse.wordpress.com/ accessed on 19, June, 2022

­­___________, “‘Ideal for a Better Life’ (Unnoto Jiboner Adorsho),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.rokomari.com/book/44737/al-quraner-aloke-unnoto-jiboner-adorsho.

­­___________, “‘Islami Ortonity (Islamic Economy),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.rokomari.com/book/44760/islamer-arthoniti.

­­___________, “‘Oporad Protirod a Islam (Islam to Prevent Crime)’ Wafi Life, accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.wafilife.com/shop/books/publisher/khairun-publication/'Oporad Protirod a Islam.

­­___________, “Dash Protha o Islam (Slavery and Islam),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.rokomari.com/book/44804/das-protha-o-islam.

­­___________, “Islam a Manobadekhar (Human Rights in Islam),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.rokomari.com/book/44769/islame-manobadhikar.

­­___________, “Islami Mojurar Odhekar (‘The Rights of Labors in the Islamic Society),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.islamicboisomahar.in/2017/04/blog-post_33.html.

­­___________, “Kholafaye Rashedin,” n.d., accessed September 29, 2021.

­­___________, “Onnai o Osottor Biroddhe Islam (Islam against Wrong and Untrue),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.rokomari.com/book/44781/onnay-o-aosottor-biruddhe-islam.

­­___________, Nari (Woman), accessed September 29, 2021, https://islamicbookhouse.wordpress.com/ accessed on 19, June, 2022.

ABM Saiful Islam Siddiqi, “Moulana Abdur Rahim: Bish shotoker onono islami chintabid ( Moulana Abdur Rahim: Prominent Islamic scholar in the twenty century),” Daily Nayadiganta, accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.dailynayadiganta.com/opinion/532471/

Ali, Muhammad Mumtaz. Islamization of Modern Science and Its Philosophy: A Contemporary Civilizational Discourse. Gombak: IIUM Press, 2016.

Ali, Muhammad Mumtaz. The History and Philosophy of Islamization of Knowledge: A Preliminary Study of Pioneers' Thought. Malaysia: IIUM Press, 2010.

Ali, Muhammad Mumtaz. Issues in Islamization of Human Knowledge: Civilization Building Discourse of Contemporary Muslim Thinkers. Gombak: IIUM Press, 2019.

Maolana Muhammod Abdur Rahim, “Poribar O Paribarik Jibon (Family and Family Life),” accessed September 29, 2021, https://www.rokomari.com/book/44725/poribar-o-paribarik-jibon.

Saadawi, Nawal El. “Woman and Islam.” Women's Studies International Forum 5, no. 2 (1982): 193–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-5395(82)90027-9.

Refbacks