A Comparative Study between the ‎Mainstream, Critical, and Islamic ‎Approaches to Sustainable ‎Development

Rangga Tri Nugraha, Azza Bimantara

Abstract

There are never-ending debates revolving around the concept of sustainable development as different groups of people have a different understanding of it. However, in a broader sense, it consists of three essential elements: conservation of the environment, intragenerational, and intergenerational justice. Currently, there are three broad groups of approaches to sustainable development: mainstream, critical, and Islamic approaches. It is best to assume that those three essential elements are inherent within each approach. The study aims to explain how those three approaches differ in establishing and maintaining the three elements of sustainable development by using a comparative analysis framework. Each element of sustainable development in each approach will be assessed based on the ability to produce relative decoupling, Rawlsian theory of justice, and whether they can help future generations meet their needs according to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The study shows that each approach has it's good and bad, looking at their practices. It can be said that the practices of the Islamic approach to sustainable development can fulfil the three elements the best and more easily among the three approaches compared. It is just that it does not have a clear set of specific guidance on how the Islamic view on the environment can be applied.

Keywords

Sustainable development; environmental conservation; intragenerational justice; intergenerational justice; approaches

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

References

Aburonia, H., and M. Sexton. 2006. “Islam and sustainable development.” Research Institute for Built and Human Environment, University of Salford. Accessed December 13, 2020. http://drhamida. com/hameda/uploads/29fe0106-e233-d49f. pdf.

Adams, W. M., and D. H. Thomas. 1993. “Mainstream sustainable development: The challenge of putting theory into practice.” Journal of International Development 591-604.

Al-Dawoody, Ahmed. 2017. “Islamic law and international humanitarian law: An introduction to the main principles.” International Review of the Red Cross 99 (906): 995-1018.

Al-Jayyousi, Odeh Rashed. 2016. Islam and sustainable development: New worldviews. New York: Routledge.

Ansari, Abdul Haseeb, Parveen Jamal, and Umar A. Oseni. 2012. “Sustainable development: Islamic dimension with special reference to conservation of the environment.” Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences 6 (5): 607-620.

Bassi, Francesca, and Jose G. Dias. 2019. “The use of circular economy practices in SMEs across the EU.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 146: 523-533.

Brière, B. De la, and L. B. Rawlings. 2006. Examining conditional cash transfer programs: a role for increased social inclusion? The World Bank.

Brohman, John. 1996. Popular Development: Rethinking the Theory and Practice of Development. Vol. 8. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.

Castro, Carlos J. 2004. “Sustainable development: mainstream and critical perspectives.” Organization & Environment 17 (2): 195-225.

Clark, John. 1991. Democratizing development: The role of voluntary organizations. West Hartford: Kumarian Press.

Csanadi, M. (2016). China in between Varieties of Capitalism and Communism. Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Science.

della Porta, Donatella. 2008. “Comparative Analysis: Case-Oriented versus Variable-Oriented Research.” In Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Science: A Pluralist Perspective, by Donatella Della Porta and Michael Keating, 198-222. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dwiputri, Inayati Nuraini. 2017. “The impact of the unconditional cash transfer program (BLT) on cigarette consumption in Indonesian society.” Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business: JIEB 32 (2): 138-150.

Faisal, Agus, and Irma Yuliani. 2018. “Productive zakat of Baznas Yogyakarta on the growth of micro business.” Shirkah: Journal of Economics and Business 2 (3).

Fernandez, Luisa, and Rosechin Olfindo. 2011. “Overview of the Philippines’ Conditional Cash Transfer Program: The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (Pantawid Pamilya).” Philippine social protection note (2).

Fleetwood, J. (2020). Social justice, food loss, and the sustainable development goals in the era of COVID-19. Sustainability, 12(12), 5027.

Foster, J.B. 1997. “The crisis of the earth: Marx’s theory of ecological sustainability as a nature-imposed necessity for human production.” Organization & Environment, 10(3) 278-295.

Frank, Andre Gunder. 1966. The Development of Underdevelopment. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Geissdoerfer, Martin, Paulo Savaget, Nancy M. P. Bocken, and Erik Jan Hultink. 2017. “The Circular Economy–A new sustainability paradigm?” Journal of Cleaner Production 143: 757-768.

Gu, Yifan, Yufeng Wu, Jianguo Liu, Ming Xu, and Tieoyong Zhuo. 2020. “Ecological civilization and government administrative system reform in China.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 155.

Haneef, M.A. 1997. “Islam, the Islamic worldview, and Islamic economics.” IIUM Journal of Economics and Management 39-65.

Hasan, Z. 2006. “Sustainable development from an Islamic perspective: Meaning, implications, and policy concerns.” Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Islamic Economics, 19(1) 3-18.

Hays, Samuel P. 1999. Conservation and the gospel of efficiency: The progressive conservation movement, 1890–1920 (No. 40). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Henderson, G. E. (2011). Rawls & sustainable development. McGill International Journal of Sustainable Development Law & Policy, 7, 1.

Husain, Mir Zohair. 2002. Global Islamic Politics. 2nd. London: Pearson.

Jackson, Cecile, and Ruth Pearson. 1998. “Interrogating Development: Feminism, Gender and Policy.” In Feminist Visions of Development: Gender Analysis and Policy, edited by Cecile Jackson and Ruth Pearson, 19-38. London: Routledge.

Jonker, Johannes Wilhelm. 2016. A comparative analysis of development theories in ICTD research from developed and developing countries. PhD Thesis, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University.

Kroessin, Mohammed Ralf. 2011. “A genealogy of the Islamic development discourse: Underlying assumptions and policy implications from a development studies perspective.” The International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance. Doha: Center for Islamic Economics and Finance, Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, Qatar Foundation. 1-34.

Lamont, Christopher K. 2015. Research Methods in International Relations. London: Sage.

Langhelle, O. (2000). Sustainable development and social justice: expanding the Rawlsian framework of global justice. Environmental Values, 9(3), 295-323

Leroy, J. L., M. Ruel, and E. Verhofstadt. 2009. “The impact of conditional cash transfer programmes on child nutrition: a review of evidence using a programme theory framework.” Journal of development effectiveness, 1(2) 103-129.

Llorente-González, Leandro Javier, and Xavier Vence. 2019. “Decoupling or ‘decaffing’? The underlying conceptualization of circular economy in the European Union monitoring framework.” Sustainability 11 (18): 4898.

Löwy, M. 2005. “What is ecosocialism?” Capitalism Nature Socialism, 16(2) 15-24.

Löwy, M. 2018. “Why ecosocialism: For a red-green future.” Great Transition Initiative 1-12.

Lu, C.A., Y.G. Dong, and J.Y. Lian. 2016. “On the concept of ecological civilization in China and Joel Kovel’s ecosocialism.” Capitalism Nature Socialism, 27(1) 27-33.

Lu, Chang An, Yang Guang Dong, and Jun Ya Lian. 2016. “On the concept of ecological civilization in China and Joel Kovel’s ecosocialism.” Capitalism Nature Socialism 27 (1): 27-33.

Maslow, Abraham H. 1943. “A Theory of Human Motivation.” Psychological Review 50 (4): 370–396.

Meng, Fanxin , Jinling Guo, Zhanqiang Guo, Jason C. K. Lee, Gengyuan Liu, and Ning Wang. 2021. “Urban ecological transition: The practice of ecological civilization construction in China.” Science of the Total Environment 755 (2).

Mirakhor, A., & Askari, H. (2010). Islam and the path to human and economic development (pp. 26-33). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Oberle, Bruno, and J. Clement. 2019. “A societal response to determine our shared future.” In Global Resources Outlook 2019: Natural Resources for the Future We Want, 124-142. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme.

OECD. 2002. “Indicators to measure decoupling of environmental pressure from economic growth. SG/SD(2002)1/FINAL.” OECD. Accessed February 22, 2021. http://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/publicdisplaydocumentpdf/?cote=sg/sd(2002)1/final&doclanguage=en.

Resources for the Future. 2019. An Almost Practical Step Toward Sustainability. 23 August. Accessed December 13, 2020. https://www.resourcesmag.org/common-resources/almost-practical-step-toward-sustainability/.

Rifdaningsi, and Mukhtar Yunus. 2020. “Rifdaningsi, R. and Yunus, M., 2020. Optimization of Zakat Management in Baznas on Community Empowerment in Parepare City.” Al-Iftah: Journal of Islamic studies and society 1 (1): 98-111.

Rkiouak, D.L. 2016. Bridging the gap: An Islamic Sustainable Development Model for the WANA Region. Amman: WANA Institute, Majlis El Hasan.

Sachs, Wolfgang. 2020. The Age of Development: An Obituary. 27 February. Accessed October 30, 2020. https://newint.org/features/2019/12/09/long-read-age-development-obituary.

Salleh, Ariel. 2008. “Eco-socialism and “Ecological Civilization” in China.” Capitalism Nature Socialism 19 (3): 123-129.

Salman, Asma, and Huma Nawaz. 2018. “Islamic financial system and conventional banking: A comparison.” Arab economic and business journal 13 (2): 155-167.

Schafer, Jessica, Paul A. Haslam, and Pierre Beaudet. 2017. “Meaning, Measurement, and Morality in International Development.” In Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors, and Issues, edited by Paul A. Haslam, Jessica Schafer and Pierre Beaudet, 2-24. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Slim, Hugo. 1995. “What is development?” Development in Practice 5 (2): 143-148.

Sukmana, R., M. Solihin, I. S. Beik, Y. Lestari, W. D. Irawan, and S. R. Ajija. 2021. “National Waqf Index: A Measurement for Waqf Performance.” Badan Wakaf Indonesia Working Paper Series.

Széchy, Anna. 2020. Environmental and climate policy. Budapest: Corvinus University of Budapest.

Töns, J. (2021). John Rawls and Environmental Justice: Implementing a Sustainable and Socially Just Future. Routledge

United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. New York: The United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development.

Usman, M., and A. Ab Rahman. 2020. “Funding higher education through waqf: a lesson from Pakistan.” International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management 409-424.

Yumna, Aimatul, and Matthew Clarke. 2011. “Integrating zakat and Islamic charities with microfinance initiative in the purpose of poverty alleviation in Indonesia.” Proceeding 8th International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance, Center for Islamic Economics and Finance, Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies. Doha: Qatar Foundation.

Zaman, Asad. 2019. “Islam’s gift: An economy of spiritual development.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 78 (2): 443-491.

Ziai, Aram. 2017. “Post-Development and Alternatives to Development.” In Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors, and Issues, edited by Paul A. Haslam, Jessica Schafer and Pierre Beaudet, 65-83. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Refbacks