Media edukasi untuk peningkatan pengetahuan orang tua berkaitan dengan keamanan pangan anak usia dini

Bertakalswa Hermawati, Efa Nugroho, Sofwan Indarjo, Fitriana Dewi Rahayu, Hauna Anja Ramadhanty, Farah Azizah Mukti

Abstract

Latar belakang: Prevalensi penyakit akibat makanan yaitu diare dan hepatitis lebih tinggi terjadi pada anak usia dini di wilayah pedesaan Indonesia. Pengetahuan mengelola pangan yang aman menjadi hal yang mendasar untuk diketahui ibu. Tujuan: Menganalisis tingkat pendidikan dan pernah mendapatkan informasi dengan pengetahuan mengenai keamanan pangan serta peningkatan pengetahuan orang tua anak usia dini sebelum dan setelah diberikan intervensi keamanan pangan dengan media edukasi. Metode: Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan purposive sampling. Sampel sejumlah 48 ibu dengan anak usia dibawah  lima tahun di desa Mluweh kabupaten Ungaran, Semarang. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan before and after experimental design. Instrumen dalam penelitian ini adalah kuisioner, multimedia film dan booklet. Kuisioner terkait tingkat pendidikan, pernah mendapatkan informasi berkaitan dengan keamanan pangan dan pengetahuan keamanan pangan. Hasil: Analisis dengan uji man whitney membuktikan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan pengetahuan keamanan pangan dengan tingkat pendidikan (p=0.759) dan tidak ada perbedaan pengetahuan keamanan pangan dengan pernah mendapatkan informasi (p=0.136). Kesimpulan: Ada peningkatan pengetahuan keamanan pangan pada ibu dengan anak usia dini setelah diberikan intervensi (p=0.016).

 

Backgroud: The prevalence of foodborne diseases such as diarrhea and hepatitis is higher in early childhood in rural areas of Indonesia. Knowledge of managing safe foodis fundamental for mothers. Objective: Analysis of media use of parents' knowledge about food safety for young children.This study used a purposive sampling approach. Sample of 48 mothers with children under five years old in Mluweh village, Ungaran district, Semarang. This study used pre-post test experimental design. The instruments in this study were questionnaires, educational multimedia (films and booklets). This questionnaire related to the level of education, had received information relating to food safety and food safety knowledge. Analysis with the Man Whitney test found that there was no difference in food safety knowledge with level of education (p 0.759) and there was no difference in food safety knowledge by evergetting information (p 0.136). Where as, sample T Test found there was an increase in food safety knowledge in mothers with children under five after being given an intervention (p 0.016). Conclusion: There is no difference in food safety knowledge with education level and there is no difference in food safety knowledge with ever getting information. But there is an increase in food safety knowledge in the parents of early childhood after being given an intervention.

Keywords

anak usia dini; keamanan pangan; pengetahuan; tingkat pendidikan.

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