The Effect of Nutrition Education Through Whatsapp on Energy Intake, Fat, Fiber, and Snack Foods In Overweight Adolescents

Helma Yunara Saskhia, Endo Dardjito, Teguh Jati Prasetyo

Abstract

Overweight is characterized by z-score (BMI/U)  >1 SD - 2 SD. WhatsApp is a social media that is widely used by school age adolescents. The study aimed to determine the effect of nutrition education on energy intake, fat, fiber, and consumption of snack foods for overweight adolescents in public Junior High School 1 Karangpucung and SMK Darussalam in Karangpucung  District.  This type of quasi experimental with one group pretest posttest. 42 respondents were taken using purposive sampling technique. Energy, fat, and fiber intake data were take through a 2x24 hour recall and data on snack foods consumption through FFQ. Data analyzed by the paired sample T-test. This research resulted mean energy intake before nutrition education 3879,15 kkal and after nutrition education 2282,71 kkal, mean fat intake before nutrition education 105,41 gram  and after nutrition education 59,40 gram, mean fiber intake before nutrition education 13,72 gram and after nutrition education 13,95 gram. Mean consumption of snack foods before nutrition education 437,50 times/week and after nutrition education 374,73 times/week. There were differences in energy intake, fat, and consumption of snack foods before and after nutrition education (p=0,000,  p=0,000, and p=0,002) but there was no difference in fiber intake before and after nutrition education (p=0,798). There are differences in energy intake, fat, and consumption of snack foods but there is no difference in fiber intake before and after nutrition education.

Keywords

Nutrition Education, Energy Intake, Fat Intake, Fiber Intake, Consumption of Snack Food.

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