The Relationship between Glycemic Load, Fiber, Magnesium, Zinc, Stress, Physical Activity and Fasting Blood Glucose Level of Woman Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Cibinong Hospital 2018

Ramadhani Tiara Putri, Yulia Wahyuni, Idrus Jus'at

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by increase in levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) due to impaired insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Fasting blood glucose levels allows to describe the overall glucose balance in Patients with diabetes mellitus. Aim: Knowing the relationship of glycemic load, intake of fiber, magnesium, zinc, stress levels, physical activity and fasting blood glucose levels of female Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Cibinong Hospital. Research methods: This type of quantitative research with cross sectional study design. The population of this study were all Patients of women with diabetes mellitus type 2 diabetes who Followed the gymnastics with 30 respondents. Data taken in this study are glycemic load, intake of fiber, magnesium, zinc, stress levels, physical activity and levels of fasting blood glucose conducted by Researchers and hospital laboratory workers. This study of data analysis using Pearson correlation, independent sample t test and Multiple Linear Regression. Research result: The result Showed that the average age of respondents was 9327 ± 58.9 years, the glycemic load of 127.4 ± 20 642 units, fiber intake of 17 313 ± 2.265 gram, 380 503 ± 60 865 mg of magnesium, zinc of 6.84 ± 1.211 mg, 21 respondents had mild stress levels and 9 responen have moderate stress levels, physical activity PAL value of 1.81 ± 0:13 and fasting blood glucose levels ± 52 957 138.23 mg / dL. There are a relationship between glycemic load (p = 0.003), fiber intake (p = 0:03), magnesium (p = 0.001), physical activity (p = 0.043) and fasting blood glucose levels. There is no relationship of zinc intake and fasting blood glucose levels (p = 0178). There is no difference in fasting blood glucose levels based on the level of stress of the respondents (p = 0161). The most decisive factor is the fasting glucose glycemic load (p = 0.026). Conclusion:The glycemic load, intake of fiber, magnesium and physical activity are the factors that Affect the levels of fasting blood glucose. The most decisive factor is the fasting glucose glycemic load.

 

Keywords

physical activity; glycemic load; fasting-blood glucose; magnesium; fiber; stress levels; zinc.

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