Integrasi Keilmuan; Isu Mutakhir Filsafat Ilmu

Mohammad Muslih

Abstract

The issue of integration of science, in fact, is not only interesting to follow as a scientific discourse, but even more is viewed within the framework of the philosophy of science. The establishment of the Islamic universities after the long process of conversion, cannot be denied, making the issue more than just a discourse, but it has become a scientific building. Of course, it is not necessarily noticed, which one is better, or which one is correct, but should be noticed as an option, as the result of the dialectic of the initiators’’ mind with the social, Islamic, and scientific environment surrounding them, as well as precipitated thought which could be formulated. Philosophical that appears is the possibility of the science-based on religion becoming scientific. If it is according to its history, the study of the Philosophy of Science is related to two issues, they are the scientific criteria and the development of science, then the discourse of integration of science, requires the Philosophy of Science to notice it as the latest issues, associated with the possibility of the birth of new scientific tradition and scientific culture, even with the advent of methodology, scientific activity, scientific work and new products of science, which are in a religious context, which puts religion as an integral part of a scientific building.

Keywords

Integration of Knowledge; Demarcation; Progress of Science; Scientific Paradigm; Scientific Building

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 692 times
PDF - 356 times

References

Abdullah, Taufik. et al. 2002. Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam, Jilid 6. Jakarta: Ichtiar ‎Baru Van Hoeve.‎

Abdullah, M. Amin. 2002. “Profil Kompetensi Akademik Lulusan Program Pascasarjana ‎Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam dalam Era Masyarakat Berubah”, Makalah ‎disampaikan dalam Pertemuan dan Konsultasi Direktur Program Pascasarjana ‎Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam, Hotel Setiabudi, Jakarta, 24-25 November.‎

Abdullah, M. Amin. 2014 M/1435 H. “Religion, Science, and Culture; an Integrated, ‎Interconnected Paradigm of Science”, Al-Jami’ah, Vol. 52, No. 1.‎

Anwar, Syamsul. 2011. Interkoneksi Studi Hadis dan Astronomi. Yogyakarta: Suara ‎Muhammadiyah.‎

Arif, Syamsuddin. 2010. “‘Transmigrasi Ilmu’: Dari Dunia Islam ke Eropa”, dalam ‎Tsaqafah, Vol. 6, No. 2, Oktober. Ponorogo: Institut Studi Islam Darussalam ‎Gontor.‎

Bagir, Zainal Abidin., Wahyudi, Jarot., Anshari, Afnan. (Eds.). 2005. Integrasi Ilmu dan ‎Agama, Interpretasi dan Aksi. Bandung: Mizan.‎

Baidowi, Ahmad., Wahyudi, Jarot. (Eds.). 2005. Konversi IAIN ke UIN Sunan ‎Kalijaga dalam Rekaman Media Massa. Yogyakarta: Suka-Press dan Sub Bagian ‎Hukum & Humas UIN Sunan Kalijaga.‎

Bakar, Osman. 1997. Hierarki Ilmu Membangun Rangka Pikir Islamisasi Ilmu. Bandung: ‎Mizan.‎

Barbour, Ian G. 2003. Juru Bicara Tuhan (When Science Meets Religion). Bandung: ‎Mizan Pustaka.‎

‎____________. 2005. Menemukan Tuhan dalam Sains Kontemporer dan Agama. ‎Bandung: Mizan.‎

Bertens, K. 1983. Filsafat Barat Abad XX: Inggris-Jerman. Jakarta: Gramedia.‎

Bin Hamat, Mohd Fauzi. 2002. “Kedudukan Mantik sebagai Mukaddimah Ilmu: Satu ‎Analisis Pandangan Imam al- Ghazali”, dalam Afkar, Jurnal Akidah & Pemikiran ‎Islam, Bil. 3: Rabiu al-Awwal 1423/Mei-Juni.‎

Caldwell. Bruce J. 1991. “The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: ‎Criticisms and Conjectures”, dalam G. K. Shaw (Ed.), Economics, Culture, and ‎Education: Essays in Honor of Mark Blaug Aldershot. UK: Elgar.‎

Corbin, Henry. 1962. History of Islamic Philosophy. London and New York: Kegan ‎Paul International.‎

Edwards, Paul. 1967. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume I and II. New York: ‎The Macmillan Company and the Free Press. ‎

F.X. Mudji, Sutrisno. Hardiman, F. Budi. 1994. Para Filsuf Penentu Gerak Zaman. ‎Yogyakarta: Kanisius.‎

Foucault, Michel. 1994. The Order of Think: An Archeology of Human Sciences. New ‎York: Vintage Books.‎

Al-Ghazali. 1904. Al-Mustasyfa> min ‘Ilm al-Us}u>l. Cairo: Maktabah al-Amiriyyah.‎

Golshani, Mahdi. 1988. Filsafat Sains menurut al-Qur’an. Bandung: Mizan.‎

‎_________. 2004. Issues in Islam and Science. Tehran: Institute for Humanities and ‎Cultural Studies.‎

‎_________. 2005. “Sacred Science vs Secular Science” dalam Zainal Abidin Bagir ‎‎(Ed.), Science and Religion in Post-Colonial World, Interfaith Perspective. ‎Adelaide Australia: ATF.‎

Gutting, Gurry (Ed.). 1980. Paradigms and Revolutions: Appraisals and Applications of ‎Thomas Kuhn’s Philosophy of Science. Notre Dame: University of Norte Dame ‎Press.‎

Haught, John F. 2004. Perjumpaan Sains dan Agama: Dari Konflik ke Dialog (Science ‎and Religion: From Conflict to Conversation). Bandung: Mizan Pustaka, CRCS, ‎dan ICAS.‎

Ibnu Rusyd. 2007. Fas}l al-Maqa>l fi> Taqri>r ma> bayn al-Syari>’ah wa al-H}ikmah ‎min al-Ittis}a>l, Tah}qi>q Muhammad Abid al-Jabiri. Lebanon: Markaz Dira>sah ‎al-Wah}dah al-‘Arabiyah.‎

Al-Jabiri, Muhammad Abid. 2002. Takwîn al-’Aql al-’Arabi. Beirut: Markaz Dira>sah ‎al-Wah}dah al-’Arabiyyah, Cet. VIII.‎

‎__________. 2004. Bunyah al-’Aql al-’Arabi. Beirut: Markaz Dira>sah al-Wah}dah al-‎‎’Arabiyyah, Cet. VIII.‎

Kant, Immanuel. 1990. Critique of Pure Reason, Translated by JMD. Meiklejohn. New ‎York: Prometheus Books.‎

Kuntowijoyo. 2001. Muslim Tanpa Masjid. Bandung: Mizan.‎

‎_________. 2004. Islam sebagai Ilmu: Epistemologi, Metodologi, dan Etika.‎

Bandung: Teraju.‎

Lakatos, Imre.1995. The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Cambridge: ‎Cambridge University Press.‎

‎________., Mosgrave, Alan. (Eds.). 1974. Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. ‎Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.‎

Madjid, Nurcholish. 1984. Khazanah Intelektual Nurcholish Islam. Jakarta: Bulan ‎Bintang.‎

Muslih, Mohammad. 2005. Filsafat Ilmu; Kajian atas Asumsi Dasar, Paradigma, dan ‎Teori Dasar Ilmu Pengetahuan. Yogyakarta: Belukar Budaya.‎

Novitz, David. 1977. Picture and Their Use in Communication: A Philosophical Essay. ‎Netherlands: The Hague.‎

Popper, Karl R. 1965. Logic of Scientific Discovery. New York: Harper and Row, ‎Harper Torchbooks.‎

Rasmianto (Ed.). 2004. Proses Perubahan STAIN Menjadi UIN Malang dalam Rekaman ‎Media Massa. Malang, UIN-Malang Press.‎

S. Kuhn, Thomas. 1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. US: University of ‎Chicago Press.‎

Sidik, Abdullah. 1984. Islam dan Filsafat. Jakarta: Triputra Masa.‎

Taryadi, Alfons. 1991. Epistemologi Pemecahan Masalah Menurut Karl Popper. Jakarta: ‎PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.‎

Wilardjo, Liek. 2006. “Ilmu dan Agama di Perguruan Tinggi: Dipadukan atau ‎Diperbincangkan” dalam Zainal Abidin

Bagir, Liek Wilardjo, Arqom Kuswanjono, dan Mohamad Yusuf (Eds.), Ilmu, Etika & ‎Agama, Menyingkap Tabir Alam dan Manusia. Yogyakarta: CRCS.‎

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.