The Nature of the Virtuous Soul in al-Ghazali and Hamka

Megawati Bt Moris, Muhammad Nurrosyid Huda Setiawan

Abstract

This paper elaborates view of al-Ghazali and Hamka on the healthy soul in tasawwuf. Both have an interest correlation in understanding healthy soul with different ways of explanation. Hamka affirmed that healthy soul should be maintained by four qualities; syaja>’ah, ‘iffah, h}ikmah, and ‘ada>lah. In fact, these four qualities are known as ummaha>t al-fad}a>il or the mother of virtuous in the book of al-Ghazali. Al-Ghazali’s way in explaining the meaning of ummaha>t al-fad}a>il,  however, is different with Hamka, making this issue is important to be discussed. This research is done using descriptive analysis method to elaborate both al-Ghazali and Hamka’s idea on healthy soul, before finally compared in order to gain multiple results based on their different perspectives on this issue. Researcher finds afterwards that Hamka was much influenced by al-Ghazali’s thought, but attractively, Hamka succeeded to contextualize thea meaning of healthy soul in accordance with al-Ghazali’s thought into Indonesian context in a more simple way to be understood by all people, especially in the land of archipelago.

Keywords

Hamka, al-Ghazali, Virtuous Soul, Healthy Soul, Ummaha>t al-Fad}a>il.

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