The Contribution of Ibnu Khaldun’s Economic Thoughts

Ahmad Ajib Ridlwan, Imam Mawardi

Abstract

This article examines Ibnu Khaldun’s economic thought in his literature entitled Muqaddimah. Discussing this idea is crucial due to his great contribution to the future development of Islamic economy. In addition, Ibnu Khaldun’s thought has contributed further to an economic science until becoming a prominent theory in 18th and 19th century far before many experts such as Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Leon Walras, Karl Marx, and the others established their theories. Ibnu Khaldun’s thought is considered fundamental, not only due to the fact that he precedes any Western economists but he is also an expert of extensive sciences besides Economics so he possess an outstanding ability to to write his Economics in a complete perspective. Among his contributions to both macro and micro Economics, Ibnu Khaldun occassionally proposed his Economics in 14th century when Europe was still in pre-modern era. This study concludes that, historically, Ibnu Khaldun’s Economics have existed far before modern Western scholars defined their ideas. It is not exaggerating therefore to call Ibnu Khaldun as Father of Economics in the case of his ideas of taxes, international trades, political and civilization developments are all crucial to be taken into account in current context for prosperity in society and state.

Keywords

Contribution, Ibnu Khaldun, Thought, Economic, Muqaddimah.

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 19 times
PDF - 5 times

References

Abbadi, Suleiman, and Financial Sciences. 2004. “Ibn Khaldun Contribution To The Science Economics.” in Journal of al-Azhar University Gaza 7. No. 1. Cairo: al-Azhar University.

Agustri. 2015. “Pajak Sebagai Salah Satu Konsep Keuangan Publik Perspektif Ibn Khaldun.” dalam Tamaddun Ummah: Jurnal Keislaman, Kemasyarakatan, dan Pembangunan 1. No. 1. Dumai: Institut Agama Islam (IAI) Tafaqquh Fiddin Dumai.

Ahmad, Rafiq. 1953. “Ibn Khaldun: A Great Pioneer Economist.” in The Panjab University economist : the journal of the Department of Economics, University of Panjab 2. No. 1. Punjab: University of Punjab.

Boulakia, Jean David C. 1971. “Ibn Khaldun: A Fourteenth-Century Economist.” in Journal of Political Economy 79. No. 5. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Ead, Hamed A, and Nada H Eid. 2014. “Between Ibn Khaldun and Adam Smith (Fathers of Economics).” in IOSR Journal of Business and Management. Vol. III. 16. No. 3. Dansa, Ghaziabad: International Organization Of Scientific Research (IOSR).

El-Ashker, Ahmed, and Rodney Wilson. 2006. Islamic Economics: A Short History. Boston: Leiden.

Huda, Choirul. 2013. “Pemikiran Ekonomi Bapak Ekonomi Islam; Ibnu Khaldun.” in Economica: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam 4. No. 1. Semarang: IAIN Walisongo.

Karatas, Selim Cafer. 2006. “The Economic Theory of Ibnu Khaldun and Rise and Fall of Nations.” In Muslim Heritage. Manchester: Foundation for Science Technologi and Civisation.

Karim, Adiwarman Azwar. 2010. Sejarah Pemikiran Ekonomi Islam. 3rd ed. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Khaldun, Ibn. 2000. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun Penerjemah Ahmadie Thoha. Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus.

Mc Caffrey, Joe. 2014. “Ibnu Khaldun: The Forgotten Father of Economics?” in ISOR Journal of Business and Management 16. No. 3. Dansa, Ghaziabad: International Organization Of Scientific Research (IOSR).

Muhammad, Saleh, and Zeki Mahmood. 2013. “The Economic Thought of Ibn Khaldoun In His ‘ Muqaddimah .” in World Applied Sciences Journal 25. No. 1. Punjab: International Digital Organization for Scientific Information (IDOSI).

Murad, Muhammad Hilmi. 1962. Abu Al-Iqtishad, Ibnu Khaldun Dalam A’mal Mahrajan Ibnu Khaldun. Kairo: Markaz Al-Qawmi lil Buhuts al-Ijtimaiyah wa al-Jinaiyah.

Perwataatmaja, Karnaen A, and Anis Byarwati. 2008. Jejak Rekam Ekonomi Islam, Refleksi Peristiwa Ekonomi Dan Pemikiran Para Ahli Sepanjang Sejarah Kekhilafahan. Jakarta: Cicero Publishing.

Schumpeter, J.A. 1964. History of Ekonomic Analysis. London: oxford University Press.

Soofi, A. 1995. “Economics of Ibnu Khaldun Revisited.” In History of Political Economy. No. 1971. Durham: Duke University Press.

Spengler, Joseph J. 1964. “Economic Thought of Islam: Ibnu Khaldun.” In Comparative Studies in Society and History 6. No. 3. Durham: Duke University.

Ulum, Bahrul. 2016. “Kontribusi Ibnu Khaldun Terhadap Perkembangan Ekonomi Islam Pendahuluan.” dalam Iqtishadia:Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah 1. No. 2. Malang: IAI al-Qolam.

Weiss, Dieter. 1995. “Ibn Khaldun on Economic Transformation.” In International Journal of Middle East Studies 27. No. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.