PRINSIP ETIKA POLITIK PEMIMPIN DALAM ISLAM

Farhah Farhah, Achmad Farid

Abstract


Human relationships with ethics become the main points of concern in everyday life. Eliminating ethics from political life can have implications for Machavellistist political practice. Islamic political ethics has a sacred basis of the revelation of God and the Sunna of the Prophet. Leaders in Islam are said to be khālifah or imâm. The Caliph is the successor of the prophet as a leader who obeys God's command and enforces the law justly. The wide-ranging moral values should be the basis and consideration of political actions and legitimacy. Principles of political ethics of Muslim leaders viewed from the thinking of classical Muslim philosophers. There are five principles of Islamic political ethics that must be owned by a leader as well as a politician as a power holder in a country: (1) Religion as the ethical basis of Muslim leaders; (2) The mandate in power; (3) Fair and wise in law; (4) Smart and competent in their field; and (5) Deliberation and tolerance.

Keywords


Ethics, Politics; Leader; Islam; Leadership

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rabi’, I. A. 1996. Sulük al-Mâlik fî Tadbîr al-Mamâlik. Damaskus: Daar Kinan.

Ad-Dumaiji, A. 2016. Konsep Kepemimpinan dalam Islam, trans. Umar Mujtahid. Cet I. Jakarta: Ummul Quro.

Al-Anshari, I. M. 1414 H. Lisa>n al-‘Arab. 6th edition. 3rd printing. Beirut: Daar el-Shadir.

Al-Farabi, A. N. 1995. Arâ’ Ahl al-Madînah al-Fâdhilah wa Madhâdâtiha. Ed: Ali Bumlehem. 1st Edition. Beirut: Daar Maktabah al-Hilal.

Al-Ghazali, A. H. Ihyâ ‘Ulum al-Dîn. 3rd edition. Beirut: Daar el-Ma’rifah.

Al-Mawardi, A. H. 1987. Adab al-Dunyâ wa al-Dîn. First Edition. Beirut: Daar el-Kitab el-Alamiyah.

Al-Mawardi, A. H. Al-Ahkâm al-Sulthâniyyah wa al-Walâyât al-Dîniyyah. Ed: Ahmad Mubarok al-Baghdadi. First Edition. Kuwait: Maktabah Daar Ibn Qutaibah.

Black, A. 2006. Pemikiran Politik Islam: Dari Masa Nabi Hingga Masa Kini. Trans. by Abdullah Ali dan Mariana Ariestyawati. Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu Semesta.

Firdaus, B. 2016. Prophetic Leadership, Seni Kepemimpinan Para Nabi: Menjadi Pemimpin Reformasi, Revolusi, dan Transformasi. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Hariantanti, R. 2003. “Etika Politik dalam Negara Demokrasi” in Journal Demokrasi Vol. 2, No. 1. Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

Ridwan, HR. 2007. Fiqih Politik: Gagasan, Harapan, dan Kenyataan. Yogyakarta: FH UII Press.

Katsir, I. I. Tafsi>r al-Qur’a>n al-‘Adzhi>m, Ed: Musthofa Seyd Muhammad, et.al., Fisrt Edition. Jazeera: Muasasah Cordoba.

Khaldun, A. R. I. Muqaddimah, Ed. I. Beirut: Daar el-Fikr.

Machiavelli, N. The Prince. trans. Rufus Goodwin. Boston: Dante University Press.

Muhammad, A.A.M. 2010. Filsafat Politik Antara Barat dan Islam. terj. Rosihon Anwar. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Prasetyo, Y. 2017. “Adab sebagai Politik Hukum Islam”, in Journal Tsaqafah, Vol. 13, No. 1. Ponorogo: Universitas Darussalam Gontor.

Rasyid, H. 2017. Pengantar Ilmu Politik Perspektif Barat dan Islam. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Saebani, B.A. 2014. Fiqh Siyasah: Terminologi dan Lintasan Sejarah Politik Islam Sejak Muhammad SAW Hingga Al-Khulafa’ Ar-Rasyidin. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Sofyan, A. 2012. Etika Politik Islam. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Taimiyah, I. 1418 H. Al-Siyâsah al-Syar’iyyah fî Ishlâhi al-Râ’I wa al-Ra’iyah. Riyad: Wizarah Syuun al-Islamiyah wa al-Awqaf wa al-Da’wah wa al-Irsyad.

Taimiyah, I. 1995. Siyasah Syar’iyah: Etika Politik Islam. terj. Rofi’ Munawwar. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21111/dauliyah.v4i2.3306

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 2 times
PDF - 1 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Web
Analytics

View My Stats 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.