Dauliyah: Journal of Islam and International Affairs 2023-08-29T10:13:01+07:00 Bagaskara Sagita Wijaya Open Journal Systems <p>Dauliyah is Journal of International Relations Journal UNIDA Gontor (ISSN : 2477-5460 E-ISSN : 2528-5106). Dauliyah is taken from Arabic which means countries or international. This journal contains articles related to International Issues and Islam, in accordance with the slogan of UNIDA Gontor namely Islamization, we are from International Relations here to accommodate articles relating to Islamic and International Issues. </p> <p>Dauliyah Journal has been accredited by the Ministry of Research, technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia and indexed with the grade <strong>"Sinta 4 or S4"</strong> for five years (2020-2025) in Science and Technology Index (<a title="SINTA Dauliyah" href="" target="_self">SINTA</a>) by the Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education (RISTEKDIKTI).</p> Islam and environmental sustainability: Perspectives and challenges 2023-07-30T14:50:56+07:00 Serge Silatsa Nanda Surwandono Suwardono Abdoulaye Njoya Nchankou Ahmad Sahide Francis Brice Tedou Silatsa Lucie Felicite Temgoua <p><em>Recent studies stressed the importance of religion in addressing climate change and other environmental issues. However, little attention is paid to Islamic perception and challenges toward environmental sustainability. This study addresses a) Islamic prescriptions regarding environmental protection, b) Islamic involvement in environmental organizations worldwide and c) the assessment of the carbon impact of the Hajj. Our investigation shows a large range of Islamic prescriptions for the protection of the component of the environment such as water, air, soil, plants, and animals, making Islam a good defender of the environment. The strict implementation of these prescriptions would contribute to the mitigation of environmental issues that our planet is facing while insuring environmental sustainability. Muslims are as well actively working together with several Islamic environmental organisations around the world to protect our environment. The 2011-2019 Hajj season, for instance, has emitted an average of </em><em>5.2 million tonnes of CO</em><em>2 per year for pilgrims’ transport using cars, boat and airplane. A strong correlation (0.77) was observed between the number of pilgrims and carbon emissions. Moreover about 42,000 tons of waste are produced annually during the Hajj. Actions, such as tree planting and waste recycling, have to be taken to reduce the environmental impact of pilgrimage, so as to support the green Hajj movement and showing the world that Islam is the reference in terms of ecological religion for environmental sustainability.</em></p> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em><strong>Keywords</strong>: Carbon Emission, Environment Sustainability, Hajj, Islam.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Serge Silatsa Nanda, Surwandono, Abdoulaye Njoya Nchankou, Ahmad Sahide, Francis Brice Tedou Silatsa, Lucie Felicite Temgoua Implications of State Sovereignty for the Ratification of International Law 2023-05-21T18:52:31+07:00 Nur Rohim Yunus Muhammad Sholeh Ida Susilowati <p>In international relations, the implications of state sovereignty on the ratification of international law is an essential issue. Conflicts between state sovereignty and international obligations arising from ratifying international agreements are the subject of this study. This discussion demonstrates that when countries authorize international contracts, they commit to abide by the stipulations of these agreements. Although state sovereignty is an essential principle in the national legal system, states must consider the effects of ratification on their authority to act contrary to nationally acknowledged principles and values. The research method used is qualitative, with a literature and statutory approach. The research results state that ratifying international treaties can benefit countries, such as increased international reputation and global cooperation. However, there are potential downsides, such as reduced state freedom of action and reliance on international oversight mechanisms. To address this challenge, countries need to adopt ratification decision-making mechanisms that are transparent, participatory and involve consultation with diverse stakeholders. Awareness of the implications of state sovereignty on ratification of international law is essential to ensure the existence of national legal sovereignty and achieve common global goals.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>State Sovereignty; Ratification of International Law; Ratification Decision</p> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nur Rohim Yunus, Muhammad Sholeh, Ida Susilowati Development Of Halal Value Chain As A Manifestation For Economy Recovery In Post Covid-19 2023-07-30T14:50:33+07:00 Suniyyah Puspita Sari Afni Regita Cahyani Muis Maswati Amatillah Nabila Thyra Janitra <p><em>The Covid-19 phenomenon that significantly affects the economic sector has forced all countries in the world to rise up and make recovery efforts. One of the efforts that is currently attracting attention is strengthening the halal industrial sector, which during the Covid-19 pandemic has been recognized for its success in maintaining economic stability. Halal Value Chain is a strategy used by the halal industry in an effort to recover the economy, the significance of the application of halal value chain in economic activities can give birth to a business model that can be an example for the halal industry and become a competitive advantage. This study aims to provide a comprehensive presentation on the dynamics of halal industry acceleration and halal value chain principles in the recovery of the economic sector after the Covid-19 pandemic. This research uses qualitative methods using a literature review approach from several studies. Based on research that has been carried out, it was found that the solutions offered by the halal industry through the halal value chain have proven to be one of the success factors in economic recovery after the Covid-19 pandemic, halal value chain is not just a concept that has been universally applied but is a need for the world community, because the application of the halal value chain ecosystem in the industrial sector is not only profit-oriented, however, the use of halal products and services aims to provide comfort, safety and certainty for the community.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keyword</em></strong><em>: Halal Value Chain, Halal Industry, Economy Recovery.</em></p> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Suniyyah Puspita Sari The Role of Multi National Cooperation (MNC) in Developing Countries Case Study : “Ferrero Group's Influence on Enhancement Cocoa Farms in Côte d'Ivoire” 2023-07-31T09:17:30+07:00 Regga Fajar Hidayat Feni Fitriani Putri Rozi Siti Aminah Chaniago Bagaskara Sagita Wijaya <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article will discuss Ferrero Group's influence on the enhancement of agricultural cocoa in Côte d'Ivoire. Using the objective qualitative method to know how far that influence has been awarded the Ferrero Group to the Côte d'Ivoire country in agriculture cocoa. Côte d'Ivoire is a developing country that can say it still lacks knowledge in agriculture even though 40% of world cocoa comes from Côte d'Ivoire. Respond matter this is the Ferrero Group initiative to empower farmers' existing chocolate with three main pillars, namely: 1). Increase the level of life for farmers and communities 2). Protect the right of children 3). Protect natural capital. Through the Cocoa Horizons program, Ferrero Farming Values return the right child, agroforestry, and against deforestation. Through its programs, the Ferrero Group is capable of pushing agriculture Côte d'Ivoire cocoa by providing knowledge transfer and technology transfer to optimize agriculture cocoa. Ferrero also delivers education for the public will haka children for learning and play through the Ferrero Hazelnut Company Child Labor Monitoring &amp; Remediation System. As well as building sustainable agriculture without damage natural through agroforestry and against deforestation.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em><strong>Keywords</strong>: Cocoa Agroforestry, Cocoa Horizons, Deforestation, Ferrero Farming Values.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Regga Fajar Hidayat, Feni Fitriani Putri Rozi, Siti Aminah Chaniago, Bagaskara Sagita Wijaya The Role and Perspective of Islamic Organizations on The LGBT Movement in Indonesia 2023-07-30T22:28:23+07:00 Regita Safitri Wulandari Erina Wahyu Anjani Retnadhieas Azzah Rieftiani <p>LGBT has become a global phenomenon proved by the massive movement carried out, proves that the presence of LGBT has been supported and accepted by many countries. On the other hand, LGBT also reaps a lot of resistance in several countries, one of which is in Indonesia. This is because Indonesia is a country with a majority Muslim population, which in Islam itself strongly rejects the LGBT movement. This study aims to discuss the roles and perspectives of several Islamic mass organizations in Indonesia in dealing with the LGBT phenomenon, namely the MUI, NU, and Muhammadiyah movements. This article uses the concept of the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) with data collection carried out via the internet by searching and collecting bold documents from the organizations under study. This research found that the role of the three mass organizations is still quite minimal in terms of most of their activities which are still limited to short statements and protests in dealing with the problem of LGBT which has become widespread in Indonesia. This research recommends that these three Islamic organizations should act comprehensively as NGOs to contain the influence of LGBT in Indonesia.</p> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em><strong>Keywords</strong>: Indonesia, Islamic Organizations, LGBT, Threats.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Regita Safitri Wulandari, Erina Wahyu Anjani, Retnadhieas Azzah Rieftiani The European Union's Interest in Implementing The Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) Policy on The Issue of Discrimination Against Indonesian Palm Oil 2023-06-18T17:51:03+07:00 Annisa Salsabilla khairul Munziin Indah Karya Ningrum Dini Septyana Rahayu <p><em>The discrimination of Indonesian palm oil imposed by the European Union through the Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) policy provides mixed and overlapping speculation. This is evident by the E.U.'s unpublished interest in the issue of discrimination against Indonesian palm oil. The purpose of this study is to find out the hidden interests or objectives of the European Union after imposing trade barriers on Indonesian palm oil exports, which will be reviewed through the theory of neo-mercantilism and also the concept of national interest. This research uses qualitative methods in collecting data related </em><em>to problems using a descriptive approach to ensure a consistent understanding of the ideas considered. Our analysis shows unprecedented public interest in the European Union regarding discrimination against Indonesian palm oil. This is an effort to protect the European Union from their domestic vegetable oils being less competitive than vegetable oils from Indonesian palm oil. The European Union imposed trade barriers to prevent Indonesian palm oil from quickly entering the European market.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: palm oil discrimination, European Union, RED II</em></p> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Annisa Salsabilla, khairul Munziin, Indah Karya Ningrum, Dini Septyana Rahayu The Threat of The LGBT Community In Indonesia and How Muslims Should Act 2023-07-30T13:26:04+07:00 Fatchiyyah Robiah Al Adawiyah Hasbi Aswar Primadiani Difida Widyaputry Fitry Wahyuni <p>Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) has become a polemic in global<br />politics due to the rapid growth of this movement in various parts of the world. The<br />entry of LGBT in Indonesia is considered as the actualization of freedom over<br />sexual orientation. On the other hand, LGBT also receives a lot of opposition<br />because Indonesia is a country with a majority Muslim population. This paper aims<br />to explain how massive the LGBT movement is in Indonesia and how Islamic<br />organizations such as NU and Muhammadiyah deal with it. This study uses the<br />concept of the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) as a tool to analyze<br />these problems. The method used is a qualitative method using literature studies<br />through online searches. The recommendation of this research is that Islamic<br />organizations should work more comprehensively to curb the growth of the LGBT<br />movement in Indonesia.</p> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> Indonesia, Muslim Groups, Threat of LGBT.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2023-08-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fatchiyyah Robiah Al Adawiyah, Hasbi Aswar, Primadiani Difida Widyaputry, Fitry Wahyuni