Kalimah: Jurnal Studi Agama dan Pemikiran Islam https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah <p>Kalimah is journal of Religious Studies and Islamic Thought published by Faculty of Ushuluddin, University of Darussalam (UNIDA) Gontor, Indonesia. Kalimah is a semi annual journal published in March and September for the developing the scientific ethos. Editor accept scientific articles and result of research in accordance with its nature is a journal of Religious Studies and Islamic Thought. KALIMAH has been <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JC8x5llB7PTp9q7-UYiKTklOrymYgXpn/view?usp=sharing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">accredited </a>by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Republic of Indonesia and indexed with the grade "S3" in Science and Technology Index (<a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=1999" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SINTA</a>). KALIMAH with registered ISSN <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180428750&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1412-9590</a> (Print), <span style="outline-width: 0px !important; user-select: auto !important;">ISSN <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1445413783&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2477-0396</a></span> (Online), and DOI <a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.21111/kalimah" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.21111/kalimah</a>.</p> Fakultas Ushuluddin, Universitas Darussalam Gontor en-US Kalimah: Jurnal Studi Agama dan Pemikiran Islam 1412-9590 <p>The author whose published manuscript approved the following provisions:</p><ol><li>The right of publication of all material published in the journal / published in the Kalimah is held by the editorial board with the knowledge of the author (moral rights remain the author of the script).</li><li>The formal legal provisions for access to digital articles of this electronic journal are subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), which means that Kalimah reserves the right to save, transmit media or format, Database), maintain, and publish articles without requesting permission from the Author as long as it keeps the Author's name as the owner of Copyright.</li><li>Printed and electronic published manuscripts are open access for educational, research and library purposes. In addition to these objectives, the editorial board shall not be liable for violations of copyright law.</li></ol> Integrasi Tauhid dan Khilafah Menurut Ismail Raji al-Faruqi https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah/article/view/7895 <p align="center"><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="center"><strong> </strong><em>Khilafah</em> is a state system in Islam that is intended to realize human goals in his life, namely to manifest God's will on earth. This divine will can only be realized if the state system is based on <em>tauhid</em>. Al-Faruqi is a modern Muslim thinker who is deeply concerned with integrating <em>tauhid</em> into various aspects of life, including the state system known as the <em>khilafah</em> in Islam. The objective of this study is to expound al-Faruqi's thoughts on the integration of <em>tauhid</em> teachings and the <em>khilafah</em> concept.This work is a library research with data sources in the form of books, articles, and various other publishing materials, both printed and non-printed. The data was gathered using documentary techniques, and it was analyzed using descriptive-analytical methods. This research finds that according to al-Faruqi, the <em>khilafah</em> is an Islamic state political system that is integrated with a belief system in the form of <em>tauhid</em>. According to al-Faruqi, the integration of <em>tauhid</em> with the <em>khilafah</em> was accomplished comprehensively and completely through three consensuses: consensus of vision (<em>ijma’ al-ru’ya</em>), consensus of will (<em>ijma’ al-iradah</em>), and consensus of action (<em>ijma’ al-‘amal</em>).</p><p align="center"> </p><p align="center"><strong>Abstrak</strong></p><p align="center">Dalam Islam, <em>khilafah </em>adalah sebuah sistem kenegaraan yang dimaksudkan untuk mewujudkan tujuan manusia beragama, yaitu terwujudnya kehendak Allah di bumi. Kehendak Ilahi dimaksud hanya mungkin direalisasikan jika sistem bernegara itu berbasis tauhid. Al-Faruqi merupakan seorang ilmuwan muslim kontemporer yang memiliki konsern tinggi terhadap upaya integrasi tauhid dengan berbagai dimensi kehidupan, termasuk dengan sistem bernegara yang dalam Islam disebut <em>khilafah. </em>Tulisan ini bertujuan mengkaji pemikiran al-Faruqi tentang integrasi antara ajaran tauhid dan gagasan <em>khilafah</em>. Kajian ini merupakan penelitian kepustakaan dengan sumber data bahan-bahan pustaka berupa buku, artikel, dan berbagai materi penerbitan lainnya baik tercetak maupun non cetak. Data itu dikumpulkan menggunakan teknik dokumenter dan data yang terkumpul dianalisis memakai metode deskriptif analitis. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa menurut al-Faruqi, <em>khilafah</em> adalah sebuah sistem politik bernegara dalam Islam yang terintegrasikan dengan sistem keyakinan berupa tauhid. Dalam pemikiran al-Faruqi integrasi tauhid dengan <em>khilafah </em>itu dilakukan secara komprehensif dan total melalui tiga konsensus, yaitu konsensus visi (<em>ijma’ al-ru’ya</em>), konsensus kehendak (<em>ijma’ al-iradah</em>), dan konsensus aksi (<em>ijma’ al-‘amal</em>). </p> Muhamad Fajar Pramono Mohamad Latief M. Najib Abdussalam Copyright (c) 2022 M. Najib Abdussalam 2022-09-04 2022-09-04 20 2 10.21111/klm.v20i2.7895 The Genealogy of Authoritive Transmission of Sanad Al-Qur'an in Java Islamic Boarding Schools https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah/article/view/8332 <p><em>Sanad is an important aspect of the Islamic scientific legacy in preserving science's legitimacy. Every Qur'an memorizer's dream is to have a sanad of the Qur'an.</em><em> A unique lineage that lasted till the Prophet Muhammad SAW. This paper seeks to give an analysis of the importance and limitations of the sanad al-Qur'an diploma, as well as the role of Islamic boarding schools on the Indonesian island of Java in distributing the sanad al-Qur'an diploma.</em> <em>This study is a sort of field research that was carried out in Islamic boarding schools in Java. Method of descriptive analytic research. The findings of this study show that each pesantren (Islamic Boarding School) has its own procedure and technique for awarding the sanad al-Qur'an certificate.</em> <em>However, in general, the sanad al-Qur'an diploma will be awarded to santri and female students who have met the following criteria: memorizing the Qur'an 30 juz mutqin with correct recitation; depositing all of the memorization to the kiayi (listener); and having been declared to have passed the tasmi' 30 juz exam with certain conditions set by each pesantren.</em> <em>Based on the facts above, it is clear that the function of pesantren (Islamic Boarding School) is very significant in the transformation process of sanad certificates since pesantren has a unique environment and procedure for getting diplomas that cannot be obtained anywhere else. Furthermore, Islamic boarding schools play an important role in preserving the legitimacy of the Qur'anic sanad brought by Nusantara scholars until they are passed on to the Prophet.</em></p> Ahmad Jamil Naswan Abdo Khaled Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Jamil, Naswan Abdo Khaled 2022-10-07 2022-10-07 20 2 10.21111/klm.v20i2.8332 Imam al-Syafi’i’s Thoughts about Ḥadīth and His Nāṣir al-Sunnah’s Title https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah/article/view/7265 <p>Muhammad ibn Idris al-Syafi’i (w. 204 H) is a <em>mujtahid</em> imam, founder of the Syafi’i <em>madz</em><em>h</em><em>ab</em>, which is spread throughout the world and whose <em>madz</em><em>h</em><em>ab</em> include the majority <em>madz</em><em>h</em><em>ab</em> in Indonesia. In addition to being one of the <em>madzāhib al-‘arba’ah</em> figure and pioneer of <em>u</em><em>ṣū</em><em>l al-fiqh</em> sciences, Imam al-Syafi’i is also known as <em>mu</em><em>ḥ</em><em>addits</em> with his extraordinary thoughts to defend the <em>ḥ</em><em>adīts</em> of the Rasulullah Saw. To find out how Imam al-Syafi’i’s thoughts about <em>ḥ</em><em>adīts</em>, the author uses qualitative research metods and library research types. This research aims to find out how Imam al-Syafi’i’s thoughts about hadith. Furthermore, the author also describes the contributions that have been given by Imam al-Syafi’I until he obtained the title of <em>Nā</em><em>ṣ</em><em>ir al-Sunnah</em>. The result of the research is Imam al-Syafi’i’s thoughts about <em>ḥ</em><em>adīth</em> that he was written in several his works. He set the criteria in the field of <em>ḥ</em><em>adīth</em> scince with a careful attitude. This is to avoid fabrication the narration of the Prophet’s <em>ḥ</em><em>adīts</em> so that its authenticity is maintained. His enthusiasm in upholding <em>ḥ</em><em>adīts</em> from several groups who reject <em>ḥ</em><em>adīts</em> as a source of Islamic law after the holy al-Qur’an, creating phenomenal works among Muslims, he has all tried to open the minds of the <em>zindiq </em>to hadith Rasulullah Saw. With various efforts and hard work assigned by Imam al-Syafi’i, the muslims pinned the title to him as <em>Nā</em><em>ṣ</em><em>ir al-Sunnah</em>.</p><p> </p> Amelia Damayanti Muhid Muhid Copyright (c) 2022 Amelia Damayanti, Muhid Muhid 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 20 2 10.21111/klm.v20i2.7265 Al-‘Alāqah bayna Mabādi’ ‘Ilm Al-Tasawwuf wa ‘Ilm Al-Fiqh inda Imam al-Ghazali https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah/article/view/8116 <p>One of the major contributions of Imam al-Ghazali through his book Ihya' Ulumuddin is the discussion of the close relationship between Sufism and <em>fiqh</em>. It is said so, because there are differences in understanding and conflict between groups who tend to pay too much attention to fiqh and ignore tasawuf and even deny it. Some other groups are immersed in the flow of Sufism so that they seem to ignore the Shari'a with the excuse that they are close to Allah SWT. Through <em>Ihya</em>, al-Ghazali explained that Sufism and Jurisprudence cannot be separated from each other, but must be practiced simultaneously. The goal is to reach an inner feeling that is touched by the wisdom in the worship. Like prayer, if the conditions are met, a Muslim should present a humble heart by understanding every meaning of dhikr in it. Likewise zakat, if the physical requirements have been fulfilled, a Muslim should hasten zakat with the intention to cleanse the heart of miserliness and avoid being riya'. In fasting, basically it is not enough just to refrain from eating and drinking, but the essence of fasting is to refrain from doing anything that is hated by Allah SWT and also to refrain from lust and worldly desires.</p> Rif'at Husnul Ma'afi Aidil Putra Syurbakti Maria Ulfa Copyright (c) 2022 Rif'at Husnul Ma'afi, Aidil Putra Syurbakti 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 20 2 10.21111/klm.v20i2.8116 Hamka dan Konstruksi Pemikiran Kebebasan Beragama di Indonesia https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah/article/view/7292 <p>The existence of a significant quantity gap between religious adherents in Indonesia has the potential to lead to violations of religious freedom. And addition with the application of the rules regarding the right to religious freedom in Indonesia, which are felt to be not optimal, it has led to various arguments by Indonesian experts and scholars in responding to this, including Hamka who also contributed to the construction of ideas about religious freedom in one of his monumental works, namely Tafsir al-Azhar. For this reason, the presence of this study aims to present the construction of Hamka's thoughts regarding the phenomenon of religious freedom that occurs in Indonesia. This study used literature (Library research) with a qualitative approach. The data analysis used in this research is content analysis. In qualitative research, especially in qualitative verification strategies, this data analysis technique is considered to be the most frequently used data analysis technique. This study found that Hamka in his position as a scholar as well as a writer and humanist accepted the concept of religious freedom, especially in Indonesia. This is evidenced by his rejection of the element of coercion in embracing a religion, especially if it has the potential to cause conflict and violence between religions because of the truth claims of each religion (Claim Truth). Because according to him, Islam never teaches violence and war. However, behind Hamka's acceptance of religious freedom, he also puts a limit on the matter, namely that it is not permissible to combine faith and shirk.</p> Ahmad Mustaniruddin Wahyu Pebrian Fransisko Chaniago Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Mustaniruddin, Wahyu Pebrian, Fransisko Chaniago 2022-09-19 2022-09-19 20 2 10.21111/klm.v20i2.7292 The Problem of Modern Man in Indonesia and Its Solution According to Seyyed Hossein Nasr https://ejournal.unida.gontor.ac.id/index.php/kalimah/article/view/8519 <p align="center"><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p> </p><p>The problem of modern man and Western civilization, have caused man in general to forget the nature of his life, particularly in Indonesia. Various kinds of damage, starting from theology, environment, sciences, and other aspects do not escape the consequences of modern man actions. Metaphysics and the real reality of God along with the development of technology, disappeared and replaced with false reality that will destroy the existence of human being itself. Many western scientists agree that human nature is increasingly shortened as modern science and technology evolve, which is empty of metaphysics recognition. Furthermore, modern man today only lives on the edge of his existence and the reality of nature. If they don’t immediately aware of this situation, they have pushed themselves to the brink of physical and spiritual extinction. This research tries to uncover some of Seyyed Hossein Nasr's criticisms and solutions to modern man problems in several aspects such as scientific errors, environmental crises, telology, and cosmology by using literature studies with descriptive analytical methods for general, and for Indonesian in particular. This research draws the following conclusions; <em>First</em>, to deal with the theological problems that deny God's reality, Nasr offered solutions to perennial philosophy and sufism. <em>Second</em>, in facing the mis-concept of the cosmos, Nasr made Islamic Cosmological doctrine as the key. <em>Third</em>, to deal with the worsening environmental crisis, Nasr invites people to make Nature as Sacred creation of God. And finally, <em>the fourth</em>, Nasr offers the concept of Sacred Science, as a solution to the degradation of metaphysical and spiritual values in modern science. Regarding that Indonesia is a big nation, Indonesia needs to apply the Nasr concept as a solution to the destruction of modern man.</p> Dedy Irawan Copyright (c) 2022 Dedy Irawan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-12-14 2022-12-14 20 2 10.21111/klm.v20i2.8519