KEGAGALAN BANTUAN LUAR NEGERI DALAM MENGURANGI PELANGGARAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA: STUDI KASUS FOOD AID DI KOREA UTARA

Dini Septyana Rahayu

Abstract


This research is the answer of why foreign aid failed to solve human rights violations in North Korea. The writer focuses on North Korea which applies isolationist policy and the government domination toward foreign aids.  Furthermore, this research classifies human right violations in terms of famine and malnutrition happen in North Korea. Moreover, the method of this research is a qualitative method that the data is gathered from literature studies- books, journal, documents which are taken from the web-site to strengthen the writer’s  argument. The result of this research shows that the isolationist policy and the government domination affect the distribution of foreign aid. The isolationist policy in North Korea is based on juche ideology which values self reliance and limits the foreign parties to estimate the necessity of the victims and supervise the distributions of the goods. That ideology is also the reason which causes North Korea is resistant toward foreign aid for human right.  Meanwhile, the failure is also caused by government which is very dominant in the distribution process of foods and also helps from the outsiders.  The domination is centered in Public Distribution System (PDS) and  food allocation is managed with discriminative ratio. Foreign aids is allocated for the sake of government economy system and even proven used for military interests, not for famine.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21111/dauliyah.v4i1.2932

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