Law Enforcement through Justice and Ethical Institution: Historical Perspective

Siti Aisyah, Nurizal Ismail

Abstract

Islam is the way of life which guides mankind to attain the happiness in here and the
hereafter (falah). It is also a religion of peace through the submission to the will and laws of
God, advocates the establishment of ethic and social justice in order to achieve peace. In the
history of Islam, enforcement of law was implemented to preserve good ethic and justice in the
society. Therefore, it is needed to know how the implementation of Islamic law enforcement
regarding ethic and justice in Islamic framework. This paper aims to study how the Islamic
state in the early of Islam pays attention to ethic and justice of society in its government
affair or administration and how the wilāyat al mazālim and hisbah as Islamic institution
will stand for law enforcement to promote justice and higher ethic in the society. Moreover,
finding of the study states that the Justice and ethical values have been still concerned by
Islamic State. The administration of justice carried out by Muslim should consist of the
application of Shari’ah in name of God without any temporal consideration. Enforcement
of law regarding ethic and justice is manifested in hisbah and wilāyat al-mazālim. Each
institution has different duties, but has mutual relation to administrate the state toward
welfare state. The hisbah institution plays its role to command good action (amar ma’ruf)
and prohibit evil (nahi munkar). It has a responsible for the implementation of Shari’ah
principles in society. Furthermore, wilāyat al-mazālim is an institution that carries out the
justice around the society. This institution looks into the cases which are not included in
common court authority, such as persecution matters which are committed by the authority,
judges or member ruling family.

Keywords

Ethic; Justice; Law; Enforcement; Islamic State; Hisbah; Wilāyat Mazālim

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