Optimization of Agricultural Land: A Lesson from Islamic Economics

Nurizal Ismail, siti Aisyah

Abstract

Human as social being is required to earn the wealth obtained from factors of
production to survive in his life. One of the important factors is land, which has been
mostly used in economy such as infrastructure, agriculture and mining. Unfortunately,
the use of land tends to give more benefit to capitalist or land-owner than others in
todays’ world. It impacts to inequality distribution of income in the society faced in third
world country that is mostly in Muslim countries. In Islam, administration of the land
has been concerned in primary sources (Qur’an and Sunnah) and Islamic literatures and
practiced into action in the state such as iqta, ihya al-mawat, zakah, rikaz, muzara’ah,
salam, musaqah and other instruments. These instruments are mostly used in agricultural
field in the Islamic age. Another instrument can contribute to sustainable agricultural
development is tax land: al-kharaj and al-’usyr. However, the result of this study states
that to optimize the agricultural land, the state and Islamic banks can contribute together
to solve the farmers problem such lack of financial support, shortage of water irrigation,
lack of training and technology use by integrating appropriate Islamic financing and
police of land tax that gives benefit and just to the farmers.

Keywords

Optimization; Land; Agriculture; Tax; Islamic Economics

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