Optimization of Agricultural Land: A Lesson from Islamic Economics

Nurizal Ismail, siti Aisyah


Human as social being is required to earn the wealth obtained from factors of
production to survive in his life. One of the important factors is land, which has been
mostly used in economy such as infrastructure, agriculture and mining. Unfortunately,
the use of land tends to give more benefit to capitalist or land-owner than others in
todays’ world. It impacts to inequality distribution of income in the society faced in third
world country that is mostly in Muslim countries. In Islam, administration of the land
has been concerned in primary sources (Qur’an and Sunnah) and Islamic literatures and
practiced into action in the state such as iqta, ihya al-mawat, zakah, rikaz, muzara’ah,
salam, musaqah and other instruments. These instruments are mostly used in agricultural
field in the Islamic age. Another instrument can contribute to sustainable agricultural
development is tax land: al-kharaj and al-’usyr. However, the result of this study states
that to optimize the agricultural land, the state and Islamic banks can contribute together
to solve the farmers problem such lack of financial support, shortage of water irrigation,
lack of training and technology use by integrating appropriate Islamic financing and
police of land tax that gives benefit and just to the farmers.


Optimization; Land; Agriculture; Tax; Islamic Economics

Full Text:


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 47 times
PDF - 203 times


A lâ Mawdûd, Sayyid Abul. First Principles of Islamic Economics.

Trans.É Ahmad Imam Shafaq. Ed. Khursid Ahmad. UK,

Islamic Foundation, 2001.

Singh, A.K. and Singh, J.P. “Production and benefit maximization

through optimal crop planning: a case study of Mahi

Command.” Indian J. Soil Conserv, 27 (1999): 152-157.

Benli, B and Kodal, S. “A Non-Linear Model for Farm Optimization

with Adequate and Limited Water Supplies: Application to

the South-East Anatolian Project (GAP) Region, Agric.” Water

Manage, 62 (2003):187-203.

Nikkami, D. et al.”Land Use Scenario and Optimization in

Watershed.” Journal Applied Sciences, 9 (2009): 287-295.

S. Salasal, Siti Mariam Malinumbay. The Concept of Land

Ownership: Islamic Perspective, Buletin Geoinformasi, Jilid 2

No. 2, Malaysia, Penerbit UTM, 1998.

Hasan, Zulkifli and Abdullah, Muhammad Najib. “The Investment

of Waqf Land As An Instrument of Muslims’ Economic

Development in Malaysia.” paper presented at the International

Conference on Endowment Investment, 4-6 February, Dubai,

Nor, Norhalizah Mohd and O.M, Mustafa.”Categorization of Waqf

Lands and Their Management Using Islamic Investment: The

Case of the State of Selangor, Malaysia.” Insaniah IRTI

International Conference on Islamic Economics, Banking and

Finance, 18-19 August 2009, Kedah: Kolej University Islam


Hassan, Muhammad Taimoor et al. “Role of Islamic Banking in

Agriculture Development in Bahawalpur, Pakistan.”

International Journal of Learning & Development, Vol 2 No. 3

(2012): 123-138.

Afzaul ur Rahman. Economic Doctrine of Islam. Vol. 1, Pakistan,

Islamic Publication, Ltd, 1980.

Bukhari, Imam. Shahih al-Bukhari: The Translation of the Meanings

of Shahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3 No. 530. Trans. Muhammad

Muhsin Khan. Pakistan, Kazi Publication, 1986.

Khan, Muhammad Akram. Economic Teachings of Prophet

Muhammad: A Select of Hadits Litetarute on Economics.

Pakistan, Darul-Ishaat, 1992.

Yaqub bin Ibrahim, Abu Yusuf. Kitab Al-khâraj: Taxation in Islam

Volume. III.Trans. A. Ben Shemesh. Leiden, E.J. Brill,

Obeid, Nayla Comair. The Law of Business Contracts in

Arab Middle East. Kluwer Law International, 1969.

Recorded by Imam Muslim. Shahih Muslim, Vol. III. Trans. Abdul

Hamid Siddiqi Lahore, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1992.

Al-Qasim Ibn Salam, Abu Ubayd. Kitab al-Amwal. Trans. Noor

Mohammad Ghifari.

New Delhi, Adam Publisher & Distibutors, 2006.

Siddiqi, Muhammad Nejatullah and Ghanzafar, S.M.Early Medieval

Islamic Economic Thought: Abu Yusuf (731-798 AD) Economics

of Public Finance. In: S.M. Ghanzafar. Medieval Islamic

Economic Thought: Filling The “Great Gap” In European

Economics. USA, RoutledgeCurzon Taylor and Francis

Group, 2005.

Gulaid. Mahmoud A. Land Ownership in Islam: A Survey. Research

Paper. No. 14,Jeddah, IDB IRTI, 2001

Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera and Dzuljastri Abdul Razak.”Home

Financing through the Musharakah Mutanaqisah Contracts:

Some Practical Issues.” J.KAU: Islamic Economics, vol 22. No


Mohd. Yatim, Mohd. Nasir and Mohd. Nasir, Amirul Hafiz.The

Principle and Practice of Islamic Banking and Finance. Selangor,

Prantice Hall, 2007.

Kaleem, Ahmad and Majidm, Rana Abdul.”Application of Islamic

Banking Instrument (Bai Salam) for Agriculture Financing

in Pakistan.” British Food Journal, Vol. 111 No. 3 (2009).

ErlBeck, Anja et al. (2011) Microtakaful: Field Study Evidence and

conceptual Issues. Available at: http://www.google.com.my/


Q u K U d b A G 8 r o r A f a j 4 G w D w & s t a r t = 3 0 & s a =

N&bav=on. 2 ,or. rqf .&fp= 3 f 8 8 06d9 9 fdcd7 8f&biw=

&bih=772. [Accessed 23/04/13].

Muneera, Aishath et. Al.”The possibility of application of salam in

Malaysian Islamic banking system.”Humanomics. Vol. 27

Issue 2 (2001):138-147.

Slagen, Anthon. Agricultural Insurance in Developing Countries A

Way Forward. International Confrencia Agricultura Insurance

and Revenue Coverage, 13-14 May, 2002, Spain), pp. 1-11.

Al-Mawardi. Al-Ahkam al-Sulthaniyyah wal Wilayat al-Diniyyah.

Beirut, Darul kutub al-„alamiyyah, 2002.

Syed Ismail al-Qudsy, Sharifah Hayaati and Ab Rahman,

Asmak.”Effective Governance in the Era of Caliphate ‘Umar

In Al-Khattab.” European Journal of Social Sciences, Volume

, Number 4 (2011): 634-644.

Kallek, Cengiz.”Economic Views of Abu Ubayd’.” IIUM Journal of

Economics & Management, Vol 6 Issue 1 (1998):1-22

Al-Maward. Al-Ahkam Al-Shultaniyyah: The Law of Islamic

Governance, Trans.Asadullah. Yate. London, Ta-Ha Publishers

Ltd, 1996


  • There are currently no refbacks.