The Administration of Halalan Tayyiban Products and Services in the Era of Islamic Caliphates under Hisbah Institution


  • Abdurrahman Raden Aji Haqqi Faculty of Shariah and Law, Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali (UNISSA)



Caliphate, Hisbah, Control, Halalan Tayyiban


A caliphate is a territory under the leadership of an Islamic steward known as acaliph, a person considered a religious successor to the Muhammad and a leader of theentire Muslim community. Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam whichdeveloped into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, threemajor caliphates existed: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the UmayyadCaliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). The fourth major caliphate,the Ottoman Caliphate, established by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. One of the dutiesof a caliph is to administer and control the market which was included in Hisbah system.The Hisbah is a religious institution under the authority of the state that appointspeople to carry out the responsibility of enjoining what is right, whenever people start toneglect it, and forbidding what is wrong, whenever people start to engage in it. Thepurpose of this is to safeguard society from deviance, protect the faith, and ensure thewelfare of the people in both religious and worldly manners according to the Law ofAllah. Allah has made it obligatory upon all Muslims to enjoin good and forbid wrongdoingto the extent of their knowledge and abilities. Halalan Tayyiban products and serviceswere controlled under this institution. And this paper is an attempt to highlight suchcontrol in the history of Islam. How were Halalan Tayyiban products and servicesadministered and controlled?


Abu Daud, Sulaiman Ibn al-Ash’ath. Sunan Abi Daud. Dar al-Risalah

al-Alamiyyah, 2009.

Al-Amri, J. al-Amr bi al-Ma’ruf wa al-Nahy an al-Munkar. Beirut,

IIFSO, 1984.

Al-Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan, Ali ibn Muhammad. (n.d). Al-Ahkam

al-Sultaniyyah the Law of Islamic Governance. (Asadullah Yate

Ph. D, trans.) London: Ta-Ha Publisher Ltd.

Al-Mawardi, Ali bin Muhammad.Al-Rutbah fi Talab al-Hisbah,

Cairo,Dar al-Risalah, (Badran, A.J. edt, 2002.

Bakindo, Ibrahim. “The Role of the Institution of Hisba in the Sharia

Implementing States in Northern Nigeria”, LLM Thesis,

Department of Islamic Law, Faculty of Law, Ahmad Bello

University, Nigeria, 2001.

Sodek, Mohammad. “Historical Perspective on Halal Certification”,

available at:, 2001.

Glick, T.F. Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages (The

Library of Iberian Resources online) available at: http://

Hajjaj, Muslim. Sahih Muslim. Beirut, Dar al-Fikr, 2002.

Holland, M. Public Duties in Islam: The Institution of Hisbah.

Translation of ibn Taimiah’s Al-Hisbah fil Islam)The Islamic

Foundation, Leicester, 1992.

Hudairi, N. Al-Hisbah al-Nazariyyah wa al-Amaliyyah inda al-Imam

Ibni Taimia. Riyadh, Darul Fadilah, 2005.

Ibn al-Arabi. Ahkam al-Qur’an. Darul Fikr, n.d.

Ibn Khaldun, Abdul Rahman ibn Muhammad. The Muqaddimah.

(Franz Rosenthal trans.)

Ibn Taimiyyah, al-Siyasah al-Shar’iyyah fi Islah al-Ra’i wa al-


Ibnu Taimia, A.A. Al-Amr bi al-Ma’ruf wa al-Nahy an al-Munkar.

Cairo, Maktabah al-Sunnah, 1997.

Ibn Taimiyyah, Al-Hisbah, Maktabah Shamilah, http://www.alislam.


Imam Mohamed Baianonie, Friday Specech at the Islamic Center

or Raleigh, NC on April 7, 2000.

Institute of Policy Studies, “The Institution of Hisbah and Demand

for its Revival” available at:


Al-Qalqashandi, Ahmad. Subh al-A’sha fi Fann Sina’ah al-Insha.

Damascus, Dar al-Fikr, 1987.

“Value-Principles of Islamic Administration”, available at: http://

Zaidan, Abdul Karim. Usul al-Da’wah. Beirut, Mu’assah al-Risalah,




How to Cite

Haqqi, Abdurrahman Raden Aji. 2017. “The Administration of Halalan Tayyiban Products and Services in the Era of Islamic Caliphates under Hisbah Institution”. AL-IKTISAB: Journal of Islamic Economic Law 1 (2):85-108.