Mânûnjjâlînj Kâwûlâ Jûstî ‘Inda Râdîn Njâbîhî Rânjjâ Wârsîtû fî Risâlatî Wîrîd Hidâyat Jâtî fî Ta’lîmi Kîjâwîn (Kîbâtînân) fî Dhowi al-Tawhid al-Islâmiy.

Authors

  • Kholid Karomi Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia
  • Dyah Ayu Rejekiningtyas Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4979

Abstract

Manunggaling Kawula Gusti is the science of the high level of the Javanese to acquire the degree of perfection. In Kejawen, it is central to his teachings. However, in its history, the concept is not apart of the debate. It is said that Manunggaling Kawula Gusti is based to the teachings of the monistic and pantheistic. This teaching spreaded by Ranggawarsita, and write the complete fiber that discuss about Manunggaling Kawula Gusti. The fiber is Serat Wirid Hidayat Jati. He is a figure that represents a concept that is raised by the process of acculturation the two great major, the Islamic tradition and Kejawen tradition. Then, the pattern of Ranggawarsita thought influenced by the two traditions. This leads to not represent one of the tradition as a whole. The discussion aims to uncover Manunggaling Kawula Gusti according to Ranggawarsita in Serat Wirid Hidayat Jati, and the views of Islamic Monotheism against the doctrine. At the end of this discussion, will explain that the concept of Manunggaling Kawula Gusti teaches that the God is transcend with human, but His names and natures are close with human. That the meant of Manunggaling Kawula Gusti is Lord and servant is unity of creativity, taste and intention. Manunggaling Kawula Gusti may not be viewed as the teachings that deviate from monotheism, and instead, it is a form of the highest expression of the tawhid. This docrine teaches that there is no manifestation of the essential in addition to form of God.

References

القرآن الكريم. البحري، زيد مفسر.1436 ه.القول الفريد فوائد على كتاب التوحيد. الرياض: دار الحقيقة الكونية للنشر والتوزيع. التفتازانى، أبو الوفا الفنيمى. 1979. مدخل إلى التصوف الإسلام.القاهرة: دار الثقافة. تيمية، ابن. 1400 ه.الرسالة التدميرية. القاهرة: المطبعة السلفية. تيمية، ابن.العقيدة الواسطية. 697. الرياض: مكتبة المعارف. حجازي، سامي عفيفي.التصوف الإسلامي وتنمية وعي الأمة. 1996.الطبعه الأولى. القاهرة: دار الطباعة المحمدية. الدمشقيّ، أحمد بن عبد الحليم ابن تميمية الجراني. 2005.العبودية. دمشق: المكتب الإسلامي. السمرقندي، نصر بن محمد بن أحمد بن إبراهيم. 1993.تفسير السمرقندي. بيروت: دار الكتب العلمية. العثيمي، الشيخ محمد الصالح. 1416.شرح العقيدة الواسطية لشيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية. جدة: دار ابن الجوزي. قطب، ليلي ذكى.محاضرات في التصوف. الأزهر: جامعة الأزهر كلية الدراسات الإسلامية والعربية. فرغلي، علي معبد.التصوف بين مؤيد ومعارض. Abimanyu, Petir. 2014. Buku Pintar Aliran Kebatinan dan Ajarannya. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Laksana. Al-Faruqi, Ismail Raji. 1418. Atlas Al-Hadarah Al-Islamiyah. Ter. Dr. Abdul Wahid Lu’luah. Riyad: Maktabah Ubaikan. Arifin, Miftah.2015. Wujudiyah di Indonesia: Kontinuitas dan Perubahan. (Jember: STAIN Jember Press. Endraswara, Suwardi. 2012. Agama Jawa: Menyusuri Jejak Spiritualitas Jawa. Yogyakarta: Lembu Jawa. Ensiklopedi Indonesia. 1984. Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru Van House. Karomi, Kholid. 2013. Tuhan dalam Mistik Islam Kejawen (Kajian atas Pemikiran Raden Ngabehi Ranggawarsita). Jurnal Tsaqafah, vol. 11, nomor 2, Gontor: Darussalam Press, 2013. Khaja Khan, Khan Sahib. 1996. Tasawuf: Apa dan Bagaimana. Terjamahan Achmad Nasir Budiman. Jakarta: Srigunting. Ladande, A. 1926. Vocabulaire Technique et Critique de la Philosophie. Paris. Mulyana. 2006.Spiritualisme Jawa: Meraba Dimensi dan Pergaulatan Religiusitas Orang Jawa. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Narasi. Jurnal Kejawen, Jurnal Kebudayaan Jawa, vol.1, no.2, Agustus 2006. Muryanto, Sri.2004. AjaranManunggaling Kawula Gusti.Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana. Muslih, M. Kholid. 2018. Worldview Islam Pembahasan tentang Konsep-Konsep Penting dalam Islam. Ponorogo: PII dan Gontor Press. Nasruddin. 2011. Kebudayaan dan Agama Jawa dalam Perspektif Clifford Geertz. Surabaya: IAIN Sunan Ampel. Jurnal Religio: Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama, volume 1, nomor 1, Maret 2011. Nata, Abuddin. 2012. Metodologi Studi Islam. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada. Noer, Kautsar Azhari. 1995. Ibn Al-‘Arabi: Wahdat al-Wujud dalam Perdebatan. Jakarta: Penerbit Paramadina. Purwadi. 2005. Manunggaling Kawula Gusti Ilmu Tingkat Tinggi untuk Memperoleh Derajat Kasampurnaan. Yogyakarta: Gelombang Pasang. Shibab, Alwi. 2001. Sufistik Jawa.Bandung: Mizan. Sholikhin, Muhammad. 2011. Ajaran Ma’rifat Syekh Siti Jenar (Panduan Menuju Kemenyatuan dengan Allah, Refleksi dan Penghayatan Syekh Siti Jenar). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Narasi. Simuh. 1998. Mistik Islam Kejawen Raden Ngabehi Ranggawarsita: Suatu Studi Terhadap Serat Wirid Hidayat Jati. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia. __________. 1995.Sufisme Jawa: Transformasi Tasawuf Islam ke Mistik Jawa. Yogyakarta: Bentang Budaya, 1995. Romdon. 1996.Ajaran Ontologi Aliran Kebatinan. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Tamam, Abas Mansur. 2017.Islamic Worldview Paradigma Intelektual Muslim, Jakarta: Spirit Media Press. Tebba, Sudirman. 2006.Syaikh Siti Jenar Pengaruh Tasawuf Al-Hallaj di Jawa.Bandung: Pustaka. Tim Penulis UIN Syarif Hidayatullah. 2008. Ensiklopedia Tasawuf Jilid III S-Z. Bandung, Penerbit Angkasa. Zarkasyi, Imam. 1994. Usuluddin. Gontor, Ponorogo: Trimurti Press. Zoetmulder, P.J. 1990. Manunggaling Kawula Gusti Pantheisme dan Monisme dalam Sastra Suluk Jawa Suatu Studi Filsafat. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia. Terjemahan Dick Hartoko.

Downloads

Submitted

2020-10-08

Published

2020-11-01